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Strong data and rigorous analysis underpin the work of the Rethinking US Foreign Assistance initiative. This page features recent analyses and evidence that informs the ongoing efforts of the Rethink initiative.

FY2012 Foreign Assistance: Development, Humanitarian & Security

Figure 1. Aid Share by Purpose

Figure 1 represents the share of US foreign assistance for three categories of aid in the International Affairs core budget, FY2012 Request.

Figure 2. Aid Share by Purpose with Overseas Contingency Operations (OCO)

Figure 2 represents the share of assistance of the International Affairs core budget AND the Overseas Contingency Operations account (OCO). OCO is proposed to fund temporary and exceptional costs as they relate to civilian operations in front-line states.

Data source: Executive Budget Summary, function 150 and Other International Programs, Fiscal Year 2012.

Development assistance consists of the following accounts: Global Health and Child Survival (GHCS); Development Assistance (DA); Transition Initiatives (TI); 76% of Assistance to Eastern Europe and Central Asia (AEECA) (based on FY2011 data); 83.5% of Economic Support Fund (ESF); Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC); Inter-American Foundation; African Development Foundation; Treasury Technical Assistance; International Organizations and Programs; International Financial Institutions; Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC); and Trade and Development Agency.

Security assistance consists of the following: Contributions to International Peacekeeping Activities; 23% of AEECA; 15% of ESF; International Narcotics and Law Enforcement (INCLE); Nonproliferation, Antiterrorism, Demining and Related Programs (NADR); Peacekeeping Operations (PKO); International Military Education and Training (IMET); Foreign Military Financing (FMF); and Global Security Contingency Fund.

Humanitarian assistance consists of the following: International Disaster Assistance (IDA); Migration and Refugee Assistance (MRA); Emergency Refugee and Migration Assistance (ERMA); 1.5% of ESF and 1% of AEECA.

Notes on methodology: Some accounts fund both development and security activities. ESF provides assistance to countries of strategic importance to the United States that may not otherwise qualify for aid. A portion of ESF is used for budget support and other security type activities. The author estimates the security portion to be 15% of the total, 83.5% attributed to development, and 1.5% for humanitarian activities, based on the ratio of previous years’ activities. AEECA funds activities in all three categories. Based on an analysis of the FY2011 request, security consists of 23%, development 76%, and humanitarian 1%. It is assumed that the FY2012 budget will reflect a similar ratio.