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Rich World, Poor World

Global HIV/AIDS and the Developing World

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What are the impacts of HIV/AIDS in the developing world?

Human impacts—HIV/AIDS is one of the largest challenges the global community has ever faced.

  • Since 1981, more than 25 million people have died of AIDS. Last year alone, 3 million people died of AIDS.
  • By 2010, life expectancy in some of these countries might fall to only 30 years--a reversal to the level of a century ago.
  • Today 40 million people around the world are living with HIV infection or AIDS; more than two-thirds of those infected are in Africa and the Caribbean.
  • HIV/AIDS is also a major health threat in Russia, and there is a strong potential for rapid spread of the infection in China and India.
  • HIV/AIDS disproportionately affects women.  In 2001, of young women aged 15 to 25 years, 6% to 11% were living with HIV, compared with 3% to 6% of young men in that age group.