CGD Invited Research Forum
Tuesday, June 23, 2015 - 12:00pm
Since the 1990s, a great deal of attention has been paid to giving local communities control over their own developmental destinies through community development programs. But such programs are not new. In his new book titled Thinking Small, Historian Daniel Immerwahr has uncovered a largely forgotten global experiment in grassroots development in the 1950s and 1960s, one that touched dozens of nations and gained the support of powerful backers. Sifting through the evidence, Immerwahr offers a cautionary tale about how attempts to empower local communities have gone astray.
Thursday, June 18, 2015 - 2:00pm
In Epic Measures: One Doctor, Seven Billion Patients, journalist Jeremy Smith chronicles how the Global Burden of Disease study came into being—and what it can tell us already.
In this talk, Smith will share highlights from the true story of the 20-year, 500-scientist, $100-million moonshot attempt to track and quantify every illness, injury, and death for everyone on Earth: the biggest of Big Data ever. He’ll also discuss how Murray’s project is beginning to change how the world addresses issues of health and wellness, sets policy, and distributes funding.
Thursday, June 18, 2015 - 8:30am
This two-day conference, organized in partnership with RISE–Research on Improving Systems of Education– provides an opportunity to explore and exchange ideas related to education systems research. RISE is an exciting new multi-country program that aims to build understanding of education systems and how they can transform to significantly improve learning.
Conference speakers include RISE Research Director Lant Pritchett, Felipe Barrera-Osorio, Vicky Colbert, Jishnu Das, Annie Duflo, James Habyarimana, Kara Hanson, Elizabeth King, Michael Kremer, Karthik Muralidharan, Derek Neal, Pauline Rose, Norbert Schady, and Leonard Wantchekon.
Wednesday, June 17, 2015 - 6:00pm
Rajesh Mirchandani will moderate a discussion and Q&A with RYOT co-founder David Darg following the screening of three short films: Body Team 12, Baseball in the Time of Cholera, and Nepal Virtual Reality.
Darg spent the last decade as a first responder and frontline contributor for Reuters, the BBC and CNN, covering some of the world's largest natural disasters and wars. As a filmmaker, Darg has won numerous awards including Best Documentary Short at the 2015 Tribeca Film Festival and MountainFilm Festival for Body Team 12, and a Special Jury Mention at the 2012 Tribeca Film Festival for Baseball in the Time of Cholera.
Join us to check out the latest development in the evolution of disaster reporting and storytelling.
Wednesday, June 17, 2015 - 12:30pm
In this month's seminar, Sandra Sequeira (LSE) will be examining the long-run impact of migration on economic development. Along with her co-authors Nathan Nunn and Nancy Quian, she shows that the settlement of European migrants in the United States during the Age of Mass Migration (1860-1920) has had a persistent effect on income patterns today.
Tuesday, June 16, 2015 - 9:30am
Increasingly, policies and programs that seek to ‘empower women economically’ are part of public and private sector agencies’ agendas; however, few have been rigorously evaluated. This event is in response to these agencies’ expressed need to learn which measures and evaluation designs are best suited to monitor and accurately capture the results of these programs.
The forum will include remarks by Melanne Verveer, former US Ambassador for Global Women’s Issues and current executive director of Georgetown University’s Institute for Women, Peace & Security, and by Deborah Birx, Ambassador-at-Large, US Global AIDS Coordinator and US Special Representative for Global Health Diplomacy. Top academics, experienced practitioners, and senior representatives from public and private donor organizations will discuss the design of effective M&E systems, when and how to conduct impact evaluations, and how to measure economic empowerment. The event will also look at lessons learned from recent measurement and impact evaluation work.
Wednesday, June 10, 2015 - 4:00pm
Oil to Cash: Fighting the Resource Curse with Cash Transfers proposes a radical new policy option for countries facing the daunting challenges of natural resource windfalls: citizen dividends. Authors Todd Moss, Caroline Lambert, and Stephanie Majerowicz make the case for every citizen to receive a share of their nation’s resource wealth through a regular, universal, and rules-based cash payment. Oil-to-Cash would benefit both citizens and governments by transferring cash directly into the hands of the people while creating incentives to restore the social contract built on taxation and accountability. They also address delivery options, common objections, and the most promising country cases.
Monday, June 8, 2015 - 8:30am
This event will be held at the World Bank.
The 8th annual migration conference will investigate how international migration affects economic and social change in developing countries. Topics include the effects of migration on poverty, inequality, and human capital formation; social networks and migration; diaspora externalities; remittances; brain drain; migration and institutional/technological change.
Thursday, June 4, 2015 - 12:30pm
Determining which health interventions represent good value for money and are therefore good investments is an ongoing challenge for policymakers. A common approach to making these decisions has involved the use of thresholds based on per capita GDP. Specifically, many countries follow the World Health Organization’s Choosing Interventions that are Cost-Effective (WHO-CHOICE) project’s recommendation: an intervention that, per disability-adjusted life year (DALY) averted, costs less than three times the national annual GDP per capita is considered cost-effective.
Elliot Marseille and James Kahn, however, say this approach has major shortcomings. During this session, they will make the case that the WHO-CHOICE thresholds are not useful for most decision-making in public health because they set the bar for cost-effectiveness too low, omit any consideration of what is truly affordable, and skirt the difficult but necessary ranking of the relative values of locally-applicable interventions. Marseille and Kahn will also offer alternative approaches for applying cost-effectiveness criteria to choices in the allocation of health-care resources.
Tuesday, June 2, 2015 - 10:00am
The information overflow that occurs in the wake of a disaster can paralyze humanitarian response efforts. Computers, mobile phones, social media, mainstream news, earth-based sensors, humanitarian drones, and orbiting satellites generate vast volumes of data during major disasters. Making sense of this flash flood of information, or "Big Data" is proving a perplexing challenge for traditional humanitarian organizations. Aid groups are more adept at dealing with information scarcity than overflow.
To address this problem many organizations are turning to Digital Humanitarians: tech-savvy volunteers who craft and leverage ingenious crowdsourcing solutions with trail-blazing insights from artificial intelligence. This talk charts the rise of Digital Humanitarians and describes how their humanity coupled with innovative solutions to Big Data is changing humanitarian response forever.
CGD Invited Research Forum
Thursday, May 28, 2015 - 12:00pm
An elaborate global Anti Money Laundering system has been constructed over last 25 years. Originally aimed at reducing the drug trade and expanded to target a variety of crimes, it is now more driven by the goal of cutting off terrorist finance and imposing sanctions on countries suspected of acquiring nuclear weapons. The system is sufficiently established that it has received little criticism except at the margins, primarily with respect to how well it is implemented. Yet it is so unevenly implemented across nations, so widely flouted by major banks and with so little claim to either substantive or procedural legitimacy that this silence is hard to understand. A spate of aggressive actions by US prosecutors and regulators has generated a troubling response from the banking industry as it scrambles to reduce risk. Sending remittances to “high risk countries” such as Somalia and Pakistan is becoming increasingly difficult and expensive. Some developing countries are being cut off from the international financial system by denial of correspondent banking privileges with North American and European banks.
Wednesday, May 20, 2015 - 12:30pm
Many see both internal and international migration as a means for people from developing countries to move out of poverty. But are migration and remittances also important tools for dealing with large, unanticipated shocks, such as natural disasters?
In this month's seminar, Yanos Zylberberg (University of Bristol) presents evidence on how internal labour migration facilitates shock-coping in rural economies. Employing highly precise satellite data, in a paper with André Gröger, they identify objective variations in the inundations generated by the most severe typhoon in Vietnam for decades, and match this treatment with a household panel survey before and after the shock.
Monday, May 18, 2015 - 1:00pm
The recent emergence of free and fair elections in many developing countries has frequently failed to produce the expected increase in government accountability. For voters to discipline leaders at the ballot box, they must have a minimum level of information, both about the candidates for whom they are voting and the democratic system in which they are participating. The relationship between voter information and political behavior is poorly understood, particularly in young democracies where voters have little understanding about what politicians can and should do for them.
Jessica Gottlieb will present findings from two recent civic education studies in rural Mali. The first study examines how civic education affects voters’ scrutiny of politicians’ performance as well as their overall political participation. The second study documents the impact on gender dynamics and the participation of women. These field experiments suggest both promise and caution for governments and donor organizations interested in increasing voter access to political information as a means to improving government accountability.
Thursday, May 14, 2015 - 12:00pm
Between 1996 and 2012, 28 Sub-Saharan African countries benefited from $52 billion in debt relief under the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) initiative, launched by the World Bank and IMF. One of the initiative’s core objectives was to reduce poverty through improvements in health. The HIPC initiative has been explicitly linked to poverty reduction, but did it meet its goal of improving health outcomes?
To find out, Eric Djimeu looks at differences in participation in the HIPC initiative across countries and time and identifies its effects on child and infant mortality. He finds that participation in the initiative is associated with a 16 percent and 12.5 percent reduction in child and infant mortality, respectively, and that the effects are largest in the poorest countries and countries with a low level of governance and institutional quality. Djimeu also finds the HIPC initiative is associated with a significant increase in government expenditure on education and agriculture, but not on health.
Tuesday, April 28, 2015 - 4:00pm
On Tuesday, April 28 at 4:30 p.m., the Center for Global Development will be delighted to host Anne-Marie Slaughter, President and CEO of the New America Foundation, as the speaker for the annual Richard H. Sabot lecture. Dr. Slaughter’s talk is entitled "Horizons and Boundaries: What Technology Can Do to Advance Development and What It Cannot".
Now in its tenth year, the Richard H. Sabot Lecture honors the memory of Dick Sabot, a friend, co-author, and founding member of CGD's board of directors.
The lecture will be followed by a reception from 6:00 to 7:00 pm. RSVP
Friday, April 24, 2015 - 2:00pm
The Center for Global Development and the Brookings Institution are pleased to host Dana J. Hyde for a conversation about MCC’s next ten years. The agency recently marked its first decade, providing occasion to reflect on impact, as well as an opportunity to outline a vision for the agency’s future.
The event will feature brief remarks from Ms. Hyde, who was confirmed as MCC’s fourth CEO in May 2014, followed by discussion of the opportunities and challenges that lie ahead for the agency with Nancy Birdsall and Homi Kharas.
Thursday, April 16, 2015 - 10:00am
The Institute of Economic Affairs (IEA) in Accra, Ghana, the Center for Global Development (CGD) in Washington DC, and the African School of Economics (ASE) in Cotonou, Benin, are hosting a special event ‘Who Will Lead the African Development Bank?’ with candidates for the presidency of the African Development Bank on Thursday, April 16th 2015, 10:00 a.m. - 12:00 p.m., in Washington, DC.
Monday, April 6, 2015 - 10:00am
Data and measurement are increasingly at the center of debates in African economic development. Last year, the remarkable upward revision of GDP in Nigeria followed the recent GDP revision in Ghana, which led to the declaration of a ‘Statistical Tragedy in Africa.’ However, the revisions are also a sign that some statistical systems are improving.
This event will launch a special issue of the Journal of Development Studies, titled “Statistical Tragedy in Africa? Evaluating the Data Base for African Economic Development,” which features a series of papers on the quality of data on GDP, health, education, poverty, employment, agriculture, and wealth. The event will focus on the extent of the data problem in Africa and assess its implications for both academic interpretations and policy advice. It will also highlight ways both producers and users of key economic data can address the so-called “statistical tragedy” in Africa and help to improve the accuracy, timeliness and availability of key economic data.