CGD and its health team express our condolences to the families of all lost on MH17. We know that many of those attending the International AIDS Conference, which starts this week-end in Melbourne, have been touched personally by the AIDS researchers and activists lost on the plane and will deeply feel their loss.
There’s no doubt that Treatment as Prevention (TasP) will receive continued emphasis at this year’s International Aids Conference (IAC), as advocates argue for aggressively expanding treatment from the 9 million worldwide currently on antiretrovirals (ARVs) to the 35 million people who are HIV infected. But at the TasP workshop in Vancouver last month the more challenging and novel topic was pre-exposure prophylaxis, or PrEP. A whole array of sessions on PrEP is already on the agenda for next week’s conference in Melbourne, and our bet is that PrEP will generate a lot of buzz – an approach with intriguing potential, but edgy downside possibilities.
For decades, primary health care in China has been practically forgotten. Most people in China today seek care directly at hospitals rather than local village clinics. With hospitals overwhelmed by patients for even minor conditions, doctors provide low quality care. But a new Health Economics study provides hope that it is possible to shift utilization from hospitals back down to village clinics – and back to the people.
After reading recent articles about e-cigarettes in The New York Times and BusinessWeek, I find myself thinking about medical researchers who watch flu viruses mutate into more deadly or infectious strains... because that’s exactly what tobacco companies are doing with e-cigarettes.
Global burden of disease (GBD) estimates help us understand how disease, injury and risk factors impact health at both the population and individual levels. Specifically, the GBD measures the prevalence and impact of fatal and non-fatal conditions at the country (and sometimes sub-national) level, as well as the underlying causes for these conditions.
The global health sector is notorious for requiring a laundry list of indicators to monitor and evaluate programs. A recent WHO report on the burden of indicators and reporting for health quantifies the extent of the problem; some countries are requested to report on as many as 600 indicators (and this is the conservative estimate).