Austria—Commitment to Development Index

The Commitment to Development Index ranks 27 of the world’s richest countries on policies that affect people living in poorer nations. This is the country report for Austria. For results of all countries, visit the main CDI page.

Overall

Austria ranks seventh (tie) on the Commitment to Development Index 2016. Its best performances are in the security and technology components.
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Aid

In 2013, Austria provided 0.28% of its GNI for development assistance. This is below the international commitment of 0.7% GNI, and below average among the CDI countries. The quality of Austrian aid program could be improved by increasing contributions to poor countries and improving transparency. Austria is rewarded for its contributions to multilateral institutions.
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Finance

Austria performs less well on the finance component. Austria lags behind in its commitment to the institutional investment framework, especially the OECD anti bribery convention and the guidelines on multinational companies. But it does incorporate the public policy goals of developing countries in its bilateral investment agreements, for which Austria is rewarded. However, its performance on facilitating financial transparency ranks below average, with room for improvement on policies regarding public company ownership and international judicial cooperation.
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Technology

Austria is one of the leaders in the technology component. In 2014 the government provided 0.8% of Austria’s GDP for research and development (R&D), which puts Austria above average on this indicator. It is also rewarded for policies which incentivize business research and development activities. Austria has less stringent intellectual property rights policies compared to other CDI countries especially regarding its right loss provisions. However, Austria has room for improvement in the area of database protection.
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Environment

Austria performs above average on the environment component. Austria is party to important international agreements tackling climate change and overfishing, and complies to its reporting and monitoring obligation in the international biodiversity framework. It could improve its policies by increasing its gasoline taxes and reducing its greenhouse gas emissions.
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Trade

Austria ranks 19th on trade. Austria could do much more to facilitate trade in services and impose less impediments on importers from developing countries. The rest of its score on the trade component reflects EU tariffs and quotas for products from developing countries, putting it ahead of South Korea, Japan, Norway, and Switzerland, which impose high tariffs on selected imports, and behind New Zealand, Australia, and the United States, which all have significantly smaller (if any) tariffs on imports from developing countries.
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Security

Austria has the most development friendly security policies. It is not only party to all international security agreements taken into account in the CDI, but has also the second biggest contributions (in% GDP) to international humanitarian and peacekeeping interventions behind France. However, Austria could still improve its policies by limiting its arms exports to undemocratic countries further.
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Migration

Austria ranks average on migration policy. Austria is rewarded for its open borders for migrants, asylum seekers, and refugees. Austria could do more to improve its migrant integration policies and ratify the Convention on the Treatment of Migrant Workers and the Migration for Employment Convention. Also, it could accept more students from developing countries.
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