Denmark—Commitment to Development Index

The Commitment to Development Index ranks 27 of the world’s richest countries on policies that affect people living in poorer nations. This is the country report for Denmark. For results of all countries, visit the main CDI page.

Overall

Denmark ranks second best on this year’s Commitment to Development Index. Denmark performed above average on all components except migration.
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Aid

In 2014, Denmark provided 0.86% of GNI for development assistance. This is above the international commitment of 0.7% GNI, and above average of the CDI countries. The quality of Denmark’s aid program is among the best, which secures Denmark the first place on the aid component. Denmark provides support to poor countries where aid is needed the most, and its aid is untied and transparently reported. Denmark could increase the share of its contribution to multilateral agencies.
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Finance

Denmark ranks third on the finance component. Denmark provides sound institutional support to investment in developing countries. It could improve its score by adjusting its bilateral investment agreements through better accounting for the sustainable development goals of its investment partners and by providing more investment (outside ODA) to developing countries. Its performance on facilitating financial transparency ranks at the top, with room for improvement on policies regarding public company ownership.
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Technology

In the technology component, Denmark has a top position. Its 5th place rank is mainly because the government provides significant support for research and development (1.02% of its GDP in 2014), which is well above average of the rest of the CDI countries. In order to make its technology policies more development friendly, Denmark could loosen its intellectual property rights policies, especially in the areas of database protection and the revocation of patents.
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Environment

Denmark performs above average on most of the indicators included in the environment component, which results in a sixth place. Denmark scores well due to its low greenhouse gas emissions per capita and low fossil fuel production. Denmark has also ratified the Paris agreement and as well as the UN fisheries agreement. Its reporting standards to biodiversity treaties are role-model as they are of high quality and made in a timely manner. However, Denmark could improve its score by putting in place higher gasoline taxes.
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Trade

Denmark ranks third on trade mainly because of the absence of many impediments to imports (the best score of all CDI countries) and limited restrictions on trade in services. The rest of its score on the trade component reflects EU tariffs and quotas for products from developing countries, putting it ahead of South Korea, Japan, Norway, and Switzerland, which impose high tariffs on selected imports, and behind New Zealand, Australia, and the United States, which all have significantly smaller (if any) tariffs on imports from developing countries.
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Security

Denmark ranks average on security. Denmark is party to all international security agreements taken into account in the CDI and exports only a small amount of arms to poor countries. However, its contributions to international peacekeeping efforts, humanitarian missions, and the patrolling of global sea lanes are below average.
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Migration

Denmark ranks less well on migration compared to the rest of the CDI components (20th place). Even though Denmark accepts large share of asylum seekers, its borders are less open to students and migrants from developing countries. Denmark is not signatory to the Migration for Employment Convention or the Convention on the Treatment of Migrant Workers. But Denmark is rewarded for its integration policies, which are more migrant friendly than those of many other CDI countries.
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