With rigorous economic research and practical policy solutions, we focus on the issues and institutions that are critical to global development. Explore our core themes and topics to learn more about our work.
In timely and incisive analysis, our experts parse the latest development news and devise practical solutions to new and emerging challenges. Our events convene the top thinkers and doers in global development.
On Thursday, January 10th, 2008, Professor Robert Mendelsohn, Professor of Economics, School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, shared his thoughts at this World Bank event on climate change impacts and adaptation.
Professor Mendelsohn is a leading authority on the economics of climate change and policy. Over the last decade, he has developed insightful techniques for measuring the impacts from climate change that capture adaptation. Results of his research have been used to calibrate global impact models that predict the consequences of various climate scenarios. This research finds that climate change will hit low latitude countries especially hard but the net harmful effects of climate change will only become evident in the second half of this century.
Event discussants included Nancy Birdsall, President, Center for Global Development; Shanta Devarajan, Chief Economist, South Asia Region, World Bank; and Homi Kharas, Senior Fellow, Wolfensohn Center for Development at Brookings Institution.
The discussion was moderated by Apurva Sanghi, Senior Economist, World Bank.
RISE is a large scale, multi-country research programme developed to answer the question: “How can education systems be reformed to deliver better learning for all?” The objective of this year’s conference is to bring together high profile academics and policy makers to discuss the RISE research agenda. The conference will feature a range of invited and contributed talks and panels, as well as three sessions focused on our six Country Research Teams (CRTs), including the announcement of our two newest CRTs. The RISE Programme is a collaboration between the Center for Global Development in Washington DC, the Blavatnik School of Government, University of Oxford, and Oxford Policy Management in Oxford, UK, and our CRTs include Tanzania, India, Pakistan, and Vietnam, with two further countries to be announced shortly.
Public-private partnerships (PPPs) in education that combine public finance to provide free or subsidized access to privately delivered education are expanding in many developing countries, either to increase access where government capacity is limited or to improve learning outcomes—often with limited evidence on their success. This panel will bring together experts from the policy and research spheres to review what we know about the design of effective partnerships, the hazards to be avoided, and the frontiers for new research.
Many developing countries are using digital technology to reform public service delivery. The convergence of financial inclusion, mobile networks and digital ID is transforming the way governments deliver public services and citizens access entitlements, including public subsidies. Are these reforms working? How are beneficiaries coping with the changes? Do they think they are better off than before?
A central issue in designing performance incentive contracts is whether to reward the production of outputs versus use of inputs: the former rewards efficiency and innovation in production, while the latter imposes less risk. But the promise of output-based contracts may remain unmet if providers lack the requisite skills to innovate and increase performance. In this seminar, Manoj Mohanan will present on new research that uses a field experiment in Karnataka, India to explore three questions: How does an input versus an output incentive contract affect maternity care, as measured by rates of postpartum hemorrhage, pre-eclampsia, sepsis, and neonatal survival? Do providers under input incentive contracts use different strategies and input combinations than providers under output incentive contracts? And, finally, does the skill level of the provider make a difference for their performance under the input versus output incentive contracts?
The early days of this new administration are a critical time for bipartisan exchange among leaders of previous administrations. Please join CGD for a conversation with three former Treasury Under Secretaries for International Affairs who played central roles in the Bush II and Obama administrations’ formulation and execution of international economic policy. The panel will discuss the outlook for the global economy, international structural changes and challenges that have emerged since their time in office, the critical issues that will confront the next Under Secretary for International Affairs, and the nature of the job and lessons learned. We hope you can join us for this stellar panel, as we continue to build understanding of global economic challenges and how the United States, working with others, can best meet them.
With cuts to foreign aid on the horizon, the United States, now more than ever, needs to sharpen its tools to operate in a constrained budget environment. Key to this approach is a strong development finance institution that can leverage private investment to achieve development outcomes, as well as create opportunity for American companies abroad—all at less than no cost to the US taxpayer.
An infectious disease outbreak anywhere on earth poses a direct threat to Americans. On airplanes, trains, and ships—and via migratory birds or insects that cannot be constrained by borders—pathogens can easily travel around the world, reaching a network of major cities in as little as 36 hours. Keeping Americans safe from the pandemic threat will require U.S. action and leadership both at home and abroad.
Energy has fueled economic and social development worldwide. From the US to China to South Africa, energy has enabled countries to increase incomes and standards of living. In turn, expanding middle classes have increased their energy consumption. How can developing countries, especially middle-income countries, dramatically scale up energy use, and provide access to modern energy services to the billions who lack them, while keeping GHG emissions within the global goal of limiting dangerous temperature rise to 2 degrees Celsius, or even better 1.5 degrees?