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Featuring Arindam Nandi
Center for Disease Dynamics, Economics & Policy
Paper Abstract: Despite strong recent economic growth, gender inequality remains a major concern for India. Nandi’s paper examines the effectiveness of a public policy geared towards the reduction of gender inequality. The national Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostics Techniques (PNDT) Act of 1994, implemented in 1996, banned sex-selective abortions in the Indian states. Although demographers frequently mention the futility of the Act, this paper is among the first to evaluate the law using a treatment-effect type analysis of the pre-ban and post-ban periods. Using village-level and town-level longitudinal data from the 1991 and 2001 censuses, along with household survey data from other sources, Nandi finds a significantly positive impact of the PNDT Act on the female-to-male juvenile sex ratio. In the possible absence of the PNDT Act, Nandi finds that the juvenile sex ratio would have declined by another 16-20 points.
In May 2017 the G20 Ministers of Finance appointed the Eminent Persons’ Group (EPG) on global financial governance, led by the Deputy Prime Minister of Singapore Tharman Shanmugaratnam, to review the governance of the international financial institutions, looking at their coherence and effectiveness in supporting the Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development, managing capital flows, assessing risks to financial resilience and addressing non-financial threats to growth and stability.
The Center for Global Development (CGD) and The Global Financing Facility (GFF) invite you to the co-hosted Twitter Chat: Global Financing Facility: Investing in People. This interactive chat will discuss the details of GFF’s results-based model, its approach to sustainable global health financing, and scaling the impact of this innovative program over its planned expansion period (2018-2023).