With rigorous economic research and practical policy solutions, we focus on the issues and institutions that are critical to global development. Explore our core themes and topics to learn more about our work.
In timely and incisive analysis, our experts parse the latest development news and devise practical solutions to new and emerging challenges. Our events convene the top thinkers and doers in global development.
Featuring Nick Francis
Co-Writer, -Producer and -Director, "When China Met Africa"
With discussant Deborah Brautigam
Senior Research Fellow, International Food Policy Research Institute
Professor, School of International Service, American University (on leave 2011-2012)
Hosted by Vijaya Ramachandran
Center for Global Development
View the full film below:
CGD is pleased to announce the first screening of its annual summer film series, Global Development Matters. The 2012 series will commence on June 20 with a screening of "When China Met Africa." The film portrays the expanding footprint of a rising global power through the stories of three characters: Zambia’s trade minister, Felix Mutati; a Chinese farm-owner; and a project manager for a Chinese multinational company. The film explores the daily dependency and friction between the characters and points to a radically different future, not just for Africa, but also for the world.
Nick Francis and his brother, Marc Francis, are award-winning filmmakers and the co-founders of the London based film company, 'Speak-it.' Their work deconstructs contemporary global issues into relevant and engaging stories for international audiences. Their first feature film "Black Gold", a story about one man’s struggle to save 74,000 coffee farmers from bankruptcy, was released to critical acclaim worldwide changing the way millions of people and companies think about coffee. "When China Met Africa" is their most recent film.
Deborah Brautigam is an expert in China-Africa relations and author of the book, The Dragon's Gift: The Real Story of China in Africa.
In a recent paper, Kate Ambler and coauthors studied the impact of one-season cash transfers for agricultural investment in Senegal and Malawi, using data from a randomized control trial (RCT) in each country. They found evidence that transfers reduced both the number of decision makers and female decision making in Senegal in the short-run, particularly for measures directly related to agriculture. However, the effects disappeared two years after the transfers. Conversely, the authors find transfers in the Malawi program led to robust transitory increases in these measures, seeing a greater impact related to the number of decision makers in the household persisting after two year period. Join us for the latest CGD Invited Research Forum to discuss these opposing findings on the effects of cash transfers on household decision making.
Indian agriculture remains vulnerable to the vagaries of weather, and the looming threat of climate change may expose this vulnerability further. Using district-level data on temperature, rainfall and crop production, Siddharth Hari’s paper first documents a long-term trend of rising temperatures, declining average precipitation and increase in extreme precipitation events. One key finding is that the impact of temperature and rainfall are felt only in the extreme: when temperatures are much higher, rainfall is significantly lower, and the number of “dry days” greater is than normal. He also finds that these impacts are significantly more adverse in unirrigated areas (and hence rainfed crops) compared to irrigated areas. Can policy makers react to the challenges of climate change and find ways to get “more crop for every drop?"
Estimating intergenerational mobility in developing countries is difficult because matched parent-child income records are rarely available and education is measured very coarsely. In particular, there are no established methods for comparing educational mobility for subsamples of the population when the education distribution is changing over time.
In their recent paper, Sam Asher and coauthors present new methods and new administrative data to overcome this gap, and study intergenerational mobility across groups and across space in India. They find that the intergenerational mobility for the population as a whole has remained constant since liberalization, but cross-group changes have been substantial. Rising mobility among historically marginalized "Scheduled Castes" is almost exactly offset by declining intergenerational mobility among Muslims, a comparably sized group that has few constitutional protections. These findings contest the conventional wisdom that marginalized groups in India have been catching up on average. The paper also explores heterogeneity across space, generating the first high-resolution geographic measures of intergenerational mobility across India, with results across 5600 rural subdistricts and 2300 cities and towns.