With rigorous economic research and practical policy solutions, we focus on the issues and institutions that are critical to global development. Explore our core themes and topics to learn more about our work.
In timely and incisive analysis, our experts parse the latest development news and devise practical solutions to new and emerging challenges. Our events convene the top thinkers and doers in global development.
Featuring Ravi Kanbur
Non-Resident Fellow, Center for Global Development
T.H. Lee Professor of World Affairs, International Professor of Applied Economics and Management, and Professor of Economics, Cornell University
With Discussant Devesh Kapur
Non-Resident Fellow, Center for Global Development
Madan Lal Sobti Associate Professor for the Study of Contemporary India and Director of the Center for Advanced Study of India, University of Pennsylvania
Hosted by Arvind Subramanian
Senior Fellow and Director of the Understanding India Initiative, Center for Global Development
Should India, a lower-middle income country that has its own space program and yet is home to more than 400 million people who live on less than $1.25 a day, graduate from IDA, the World Bank’s concessional finance window for the world’s poorest countries? Ravi Kanbur will use this hotly debated question as a way to explore broader issues: How should the World Bank engage with India? How should India engage with the World Bank? How should other emerging powers that, like India, have both rapid growth and very large numbers of poor people, engage with global development institutions more generally?
*The Understanding India Seminars Series is organized by CGD's Understanding India initiative, which explores India's development challenges and experiences and the lessons they might offer for other developing countries.*
Spending on health products tops $50 billion annually in just a subset of low- and middle-income countries. And a large share of health aid goes to the same use. But despite its importance for spending and health outcomes, the procurement of medicines and other health products remains a neglected health system function. On the eve of the high-level meeting, this networking and learning reception will highlight how more effective procurement can accelerate progress towards expanding access to medicines and other key health products. The reception will feature policymakers from around the world, discussing national and global challenges and opportunities on the path towards smarter procurement.
This event draws from the final report of CGD’s Working Group on the Future of Global Health Procurement, which found that tackling inefficient procurement practices can help stretch scarce health resources further and accelerate progress toward the health-related Sustainable Development Goals. The Working Group offered four actionable recommendations to elevate procurement as an essential health system function.
The Saving One Million Lives (SOML) program for results (PforR) aims to increase the utilization and quality of high impact reproductive, child health, and nutrition interventions in Nigeria. SOML was originally created in 2012 to address Nigeria’s slow progress on improving health status and health services. Since 2015, the initiative has received assistance from the World Bank through a “cash-on-delivery” (COD) approach in which the disbursement of funds is directly linked to the achievement of specific program results. This PforR funding mechanism by the World Bank uses country systems and processes and gives health managers substantial autonomy in achieving health results. Four years into the SOML PforR’s implementation, join us to explore lessons learned.
Over the last 25 years, Mexico has benefited from robust trade and financial integration with North America and strong domestic macroeconomic and financial stability, although much remains to be done on the socioeconomic front.
Against this backdrop, the economy is currently facing strong domestic and external headwinds. At home, the economy has slowed since last year, with real GDP contracting 0.2% in 1Q2019, reflecting low productivity in Mexico and softer growth in the United States. President Andrés Manuel López Obrador (AMLO) has announced protectionist policies, which are not supportive of private investment. From the external side, the lingering uncertainties about Trump’s tariffs on Mexico's imports could have a major negative impact.
How should Mexico deal with these challenges? The Latin American Committee on Macroeconomic and Financial Issues (CLAAF) will discuss central questions on a) the best policy responses to market uncertainties, b) the best way to deal with the immigration flood, which is playing a key role in Trump's new tariff threats, c) what Mexico’s policymakers can learn from the recent experiences in Argentina and Brazil, and d) the most pressing reforms needed to restore investors’ confidence and Mexico's economic growth.
A light breakfast and coffee will be available at 9:30 a.m.
In recent years, Latin American countries have undertaken major fiscal consolidation measures in an effort to reduce their deficits and accumulation of debt. Despite improvements in fiscal position throughout the region, the rate of inequality reduction has slowed, capital spending (in terms of GDP) has fallen to its lowest levels since 2007 and fiscal revenues remain insufficient to finance achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
Amid an uncertain macroeconomic context and fiscal consolidation, this slowdown requires a fine-tuning of policy measures. This event launches the new CEPAL Publication Fiscal Panorama of Latin America and the Caribbean, 2019, examining the role of tax policy in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The paper analyses the constraints of domestic resource mobilization caused by fiscal incentives and how these incentives could, instead, be geared towards investment to foster sustainable and inclusive development.
Over the past two decades tremendous progress has been made to improve girls’ access to schooling. Data on learning similarly shows that gender gaps are closing or largely closed. Yet education systems are still failing to meet one important objective: achieving gender equality and women’s empowerment in terms of adult life outcomes. Against the backdrop of improvements in schooling and learning, women still bear the brunt of inequalities in female income, political participation, exposure to gender-based violence and reproductive autonomy. The panel will attempt to answer a key question: how can girls’ education improve adult life outcomes for women?