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In timely and incisive analysis, our experts parse the latest development news and devise practical solutions to new and emerging challenges. Our events convene the top thinkers and doers in global development.
On Monday, March 15, The Center for Global Development hosted a discussion on A New Way to Promote Economic Growth: Charter Cities featuring Paul Romer, Senior Fellow, Stanford Center for International Development (SCID) and Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research (SIEPR) and Non-Resident Fellow, Center for Global Development. As one of the leading growth economists of our time, Romer discussed his idea for a profoundly new way to reduce poverty in the developing world: chartering new cities to create centers of growth and prosperity within developing countries. These cities let people voluntarily move to a place with rules that provide security, economic opportunity, and improved quality of life. Charter cities give leaders more options for improving governance and investors more opportunities to finance socially beneficial infrastructure projects. They also harness the forces that have been among the most successful at reducing poverty in developing countries over the past few decades. Nancy Birdsall,President, Center for Global Development, moderated this talk.
How are beliefs about gender differences formed, and how do they affect children’s aspirations and academic performance? In this talk, Alex Eble will discuss recent work (co-authored with Feng Hu of the University of Science and Technology Beijing) on perceived gender gaps in mathematics in Chinese middle schools.
In a recent paper, Kate Ambler and coauthors studied the impact of one-season cash transfers for agricultural investment in Senegal and Malawi, using data from a randomized control trial (RCT) in each country. They found evidence that transfers reduced both the number of decision makers and female decision making in Senegal in the short-run, particularly for measures directly related to agriculture. However, the effects disappeared two years after the transfers. Conversely, the authors find transfers in the Malawi program led to robust transitory increases in these measures, seeing a greater impact related to the number of decision makers in the household persisting after two year period. Join us for the latest CGD Invited Research Forum to discuss these opposing findings on the effects of cash transfers on household decision making.
Indian agriculture remains vulnerable to the vagaries of weather, and the looming threat of climate change may expose this vulnerability further. Using district-level data on temperature, rainfall and crop production, Siddharth Hari’s paper first documents a long-term trend of rising temperatures, declining average precipitation and increase in extreme precipitation events. One key finding is that the impact of temperature and rainfall are felt only in the extreme: when temperatures are much higher, rainfall is significantly lower, and the number of “dry days” greater is than normal. He also finds that these impacts are significantly more adverse in unirrigated areas (and hence rainfed crops) compared to irrigated areas. Can policy makers react to the challenges of climate change and find ways to get “more crop for every drop?"