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In timely and incisive analysis, our experts parse the latest development news and devise practical solutions to new and emerging challenges. Our events convene the top thinkers and doers in global development.
at Center for Global Development
1800 Massachusetts Avenue, NW, Third Floor, Washington, DC *Please bring photo identification*
Please join us for the launch event of the CGD working group report on global trade preference reform, Open Markets for the Poorest Countries: Trade Preferences That Work. Working group chair and CGD senior fellow Kimberly Elliott will present the report’s recommendations, and CGD president Nancy Birdsall will moderate a panel discussion with working group members William Lane and Gawain Kripke on how trade policies can better support development objectives.
About the report: Trade preference programs are powerful tools for stimulating exports, reducing poverty, and promoting stability in the world's poorest countries. Providing duty-free, quota-free market access for the least-developed countries is a key component of the Millennium Development Goals, a commitment that was reaffirmed at the World Trade Organization ministerial meeting in Hong Kong 2005. Open Markets for the Poorest Countries: Trade Preferences That Work calls on developed countries to improve their programs to support development objectives at the G-20 summit in Toronto in June. The report also calls on advanced developing countries, and other developing countries that are able to do so, to adopt similar principles by the 2015 target for achieving the Millennium Development Goals.
How are beliefs about gender differences formed, and how do they affect children’s aspirations and academic performance? In this talk, Alex Eble will discuss recent work (co-authored with Feng Hu of the University of Science and Technology Beijing) on perceived gender gaps in mathematics in Chinese middle schools.
In a recent paper, Kate Ambler and coauthors studied the impact of one-season cash transfers for agricultural investment in Senegal and Malawi, using data from a randomized control trial (RCT) in each country. They found evidence that transfers reduced both the number of decision makers and female decision making in Senegal in the short-run, particularly for measures directly related to agriculture. However, the effects disappeared two years after the transfers. Conversely, the authors find transfers in the Malawi program led to robust transitory increases in these measures, seeing a greater impact related to the number of decision makers in the household persisting after two year period. Join us for the latest CGD Invited Research Forum to discuss these opposing findings on the effects of cash transfers on household decision making.
Indian agriculture remains vulnerable to the vagaries of weather, and the looming threat of climate change may expose this vulnerability further. Using district-level data on temperature, rainfall and crop production, Siddharth Hari’s paper first documents a long-term trend of rising temperatures, declining average precipitation and increase in extreme precipitation events. One key finding is that the impact of temperature and rainfall are felt only in the extreme: when temperatures are much higher, rainfall is significantly lower, and the number of “dry days” greater is than normal. He also finds that these impacts are significantly more adverse in unirrigated areas (and hence rainfed crops) compared to irrigated areas. Can policy makers react to the challenges of climate change and find ways to get “more crop for every drop?"