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This is a non-CGD event and will take place in the Turkana/Impala Rooms at the Kenyatta International Conference Center (KICC) in Nairobi.
Alex Palacios, Director of Special Projects, Global Partnership for Education
Pete Vowles, Country Director for Kenya, Department for International Development
Rowan Douglas, CBE, CEO and Chair, Capital, Science & Policy Practice and Chairman, Willis Research Network, Willis Group
Ginger Turner, Senior Economist & Vice President, Swiss Re
Owen Barder, Vice President, Senior Fellow & Director for Europe, Center for Global Development
Millions of people live with the risk of rapid-onset disasters like cyclones, slow-onset disasters like drought, or the threat of conflict. We often wait for these crises to develop to collect money from donors, a delay that costs lives and dramatically raises the costs of responding. As a result, there was an $8 billion gap between what frontline agencies requested to tackle crises in 2015 and what they received.
We can do better. This high-level panel will present new research conclusions and practical policy actions generated by a high-level working group convened by the Center for Global Development to deliver long-term progress on the Sustainable Development Goals by making emergency aid for disasters faster, more effective, and more fair. Donors usually provide emergency aid on an ad-hoc basis, after disasters strike. By using a simple combination of insurance principles and insurance contracts, we can help vulnerable countries plan ahead, increase ownership, improve resilience, and ultimately save lives, money, and time. This HLM2 event brings together senior leaders of national governments, multilateral institutions, and the global insurance sector to discuss what we can do right now to start solving the problem of emergency aid that is too little and too late.
Jeffrey Williamson (Laird Bell Professor of Economics, Harvard University), one of the world's leading economic historians and a specialist in pre-1950 globalization, will discuss his most recent research on the historical determinants of international migration and its implications for today's migration policy.
The Initiative for Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) is an unprecedented program in both its design and in its goal of easing the crippling debt burden of some of the world's poorest countries. Despite its accomplishments, questions remain regarding whether the Initiative delved deeply enough for these nations to truly achieve a sustainable path of growth and poverty reduction. This roundtable focused on the achievements and the shortfalls of debt relief, proposals for deepening debt relief, and recent innovations for financing future development.
The past two years have seen the creation of two major foreign assistance programs, the Millennium Challenge Account (MCA) and the Emergency Plan for HIV/AIDS, as well as a proliferation of small Presidential aid initiatives. But does the U.S. have an overarching strategy that guides these initiatives or defines the relationship between them? What does the creation of the MCA mean for U.S. foreign assistance? What is the appropriate role for aid in promoting national security interests? Does the U.S. have the foreign assistance tools and resources it needs to meet its foreign policy goals? How can other foreign policy areas be better coordinated with foreign assistance to support global economic development objectives?
This seminar will take a close look at the details of the MCA qualification process. How does it work? What are the latest data for the 16 indicators? Which countries are most likely to qualify (by unofficial estimates)? How could the selection process be improved?
Arvind Subramanian, a Division Chief in the Africa Department of the International Monetary Fund, and Aaditya Mattoo of the World Bank presented "The WTO and the Poorest Countries: The Stark Choices," analyzing the ways in which the World Trade Organization can accommodate the interests of small and poor countries, coauthored with Aaditya Mattoo of the World Bank.
Leigh Linden, a Ph.D. Candidate in Economics at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, will present a paper, "Remedying Education: Evidence from Two Randomized Experiments in India." The paper is coauthored with Abhijit Banerjee, Shawn Cole and Esther Duflo.
The Center hosted an afternoon discussion about the ongoing crisis in Haiti, "Haiti: Putting the Current Crisis in Perspective." Panelists included Dan Erikson, Director, Caribbean Projects Inter-American Dialogue; Frederick Barton, Senior Fellow and Co-Director, Post-Conflict Reconstruction Project, Center for Strategic and International Studies; Johanna Mendelson-Forman, Senior Program Officer for Peace, Security, and Human Rights, United Nations Foundation; Gayle Smith, Senior Fellow, Center for American Progress with moderator Jeremy Weinstein, a Research Fellow here at the Center.