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In timely and incisive analysis, our experts parse the latest development news and devise practical solutions to new and emerging challenges. Our events convene the top thinkers and doers in global development.
The past decade has seen increased attention to aid effectiveness and a more critical view of how donor countries and agencies provide aid. High-level meetings in Paris and Accra have reached consensus on the principles of what constitutes high-quality aid. But, there has been no consistent measure of how well donors comply with these principles.
Until now. On Tuesday, October 5, 2010 Nancy Birdsall and Homi Kharas of the Brookings Institution unveiled a new set of measures in the Quality of Official Development Assistance (QuODA) assessment. QuODA compares the aid quality of 31 donor countries and multilateral agencies, and separately compares 152 development agencies, across four dimensions: Maximizing Efficiency, Fostering Institutions, Reducing Burden, and Transparency and Learning. These measures are then displayed in a QuODA Diamond that provides a snapshot of how each donor or agency is doing and makes it possible to readily compare performance across donors or agencies.
J. Brian Atwood, dean of the Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs at the University of Minnesota and former administrator of the U.S. Agency for International Development, served as a discussant at the event. On Monday, October 4, 2010 Atwood was nominated by the United States Government for the position of Development Assistance Committee (DAC) chair.
The Center for Global Development is pleased to host Millennium Challenge Corporation Chief Executive Officer, Sean Cairncross, for his first major Washington policy speech since being confirmed in June. Cairncross takes the helm of MCC at a unique time. As the agency strives to remain grounded in its economic growth-focused, results-oriented model, it faces a number of new and exciting opportunities, including the authority to pursue regional investments, the potential for coordination and partnership with the US Development Finance Corporation, and the increased profile afforded by a White House initiative focused on women’s economic empowerment, W-GDP. Following his remarks, Cairncross will sit down with Tony Fratto, former White House deputy press secretary (2006-2009), to discuss these opportunities further as well as the challenges that lie ahead for the agency.
Global development is increasingly intertwined with state fragility. Poverty is becoming concentrated in fragile states, and conflict, violent extremism, and environmental stresses can emerge from and be exacerbated by fragility. As a result, many donors, including the United States, are reflecting on lessons of the past to rethink how they can better help fragile states address the underlying causes of fragility, build peace and stability, and cope with complex risks.
Please join us for the launch of a new CGD working group report, Focusing on Fragility: The Future of US Assistance to Fragile States, featuring a conversation with Michèle Flournoy, a preeminent thinker on US engagement in fragile states. Her leadership at the US Department of Defense from 2009 to 2012, along with her work advancing pragmatic and principled national security policies, have been critical in reshaping the US approach to fragile states in a pivotal era.
Following the conversation, a panel will discuss the findings and recommendations of the report which identifies several key constraints to executing a more effective US development policy in fragile states and offers specific ideas for how the US government can more effectively use its development assistance—in conjunction with diplomatic and security assistance tools—in these contexts.
For several years, Africa has gained a reputation as the next frontier for tech and social enterprises. In reality, the startup economy is growing with more and more venture capital firms making greater investments on the continent. According to Partech, more than $1 billion was raised by African tech startups in 2018. Increasing investment in startups and small businesses bodes well for countries as it often means increasing employment opportunities through job creation. For the African diaspora, participating in Africa's growth through investment in business is a critical opportunity. When Africans in the diaspora invest in their continent, they contribute to improving prosperity and empowering fellow Africans to fulfill their potential and achieve economic and social progress. At this Dialogue, Chinedu Enekwe addresses the role venture capital, and the African diaspora, can play in growing the African economy. He offers his experience and wisdom in launching your startup in Africa and securing venture capital funds.
Governments and donors are increasingly focused on the use of evidence in evaluating human development programs and setting policy priorities. This master class will provide early career researchers with cutting-edge methodological tools for experimental and quasi-experimental evaluation of early childhood development interventions. The course is intended for current PhD students and recent graduates whose doctoral work is focused on early childhood development, education, development economics, or public policy.
Every year, the Birdsall House Conference on Women brings together leading academics and policymakers to discuss cutting-edge research focused on improving outcomes for women in low- and middle-income countries.
As countries grow to middle-income status and gain access to commercial lending, the development community is increasingly at odds as to if and how multilateral development banks (MDBs) should continue to lend to middle-income countries (MICs). Part of the community is of the view that MDB lending and technical assistance should be directed to lower-income countries, whose access to finance is limited, technical capacity is most strained, and poverty is more deeply entrenched. Nonetheless, the development challenge remains in most middle-income countries, where the greatest number of poor people reside, and significant progress needs to be made to meet the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals. Also, MICs can often make a significant contribution to various global public goods, including climate change mitigation, limiting pandemic disease, and international migration. There is also an opportunity for so called “south-to-south” learning, intermediated by the MDBs.
This panel will discuss the issues confronting MDBs and their MIC clients in shaping their interaction for the next 10-20 years. It will be moderated by CGD’s President, Masood Ahmed.
David Evans, Senior Fellow at the Center for Global Development, will present new research which tests the impact of publicly providing day-care for children age 0-3 on children’s development, labour market participation for mothers, grandmothers, and others, and household well-being in Brazil. Following David’s presentation, Matthew Jukes will provide commentary and questions on the research and will position the findings within broader early childhood development policy and research.
Public health programs such antiretroviral therapy (ART) for HIV are likely to have positive spillover benefits to community members beyond the targeted beneficiaries that could be many times larger than the direct benefits. Join CGD for a brownbag seminar to discuss Dr. Zoë McLaren’s recent study evaluating the direct and indirect impact of AIDS treatment on labor market outcomes in rural South Africa, using HIV test results to separately identify the impact by HIV status. The study estimates the impact of access to treatment using a rigorous statistical approach including machine learning methods. The work finds that the scale up of ART access led to employment increases not only among HIV-positive individuals, but also among HIV-negative individuals who had no HIV-positive household members. Investments in health-related human capital may therefore have important stimulus effects on local economies that should be considered alongside conventional economic policy.
Public spending on social sectors can play a crucial role in inclusive and sustained growth in low- and middle-income countries, and in delivering the health, education, and social protection outcomes to which governments and their partners have committed as part of the 2030 SDGs. Yet challenges are ahead. A large gap remains between the resources currently devoted to social sectors and the level needed to meet SDG targets. Each SDG has its own resource demands that require governments to weigh the costs and benefits of public spending across a range of uses. Finally, current and upcoming transitions in health and development aid, modest domestic resource mobilization gains, and rising debt service obligations put pressure on the fiscal envelope.