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Views from the Center

CGD experts offer ideas and analysis to improve international development policy. Also check out our Global Health blog and US Development Policy blog.

 

Aerial view of Bogota. Photo by Dominic Chavez

Colombia’s COVID-19 Response

Case numbers and deaths continue to rise in Colombia, and the challenges ahead are significant. In a recent note, we look behind these numbers to understand Colombia’s policy responses to the COVID-19 pandemic to date. We offer six recommendations for policymakers, aimed at supporting economic and health responses to the pandemic that work hand-in-hand moving forward.

Map of countries showing how many Venezuelan migrants are in each.

Beneficial Policies Towards the Venezuela Crisis Depend on Development Finance

The political and economic crisis in Venezuela has caused the biggest population movement in recent Latin American history. Support from the international community has predominantly focused on short-term humanitarian assistance, which will remain important for the most vulnerable Venezuelans. However, in what has become a protracted displacement crisis, it is also essential to shift to a longer-term vision and approach underpinned by development finance.

Panoramic view of Bogota, Colombia

The Interdependence Between Multilateral Development Banks and Middle-Income Countries

Every MDB is now confronted with the question of what to do with middle-income countries, given the need to focus on the Sustainable Development Goals in general, but very concretely on goal #1—poverty eradication—which will be difficult to achieve based on recent trends. MDBs are very important for MICs, but at the same time MICs are vital for MDBs. This is essentially a two-way relationship. Without MICs, MDBs will be less innovative, will have less knowledge and, importantly, will require more capital from shareholders. I will explain why I believe so in this short note.

Two girls do homework outside a school in Bamako, Mali. Photo from Adobe Stock.

For Better Learning, Africa Needs Better Data

Which African country is making the most progress in teaching kids to read by the time they reach third grade? Which language-of-instruction policies are most effective in early literacy teaching? Which country is getting the most children to complete primary school equipped with basic literacy, numeracy, and critical thinking skills? The answers? We don’t know because there is no way to know. Comparable data on learning outcomes over the past 10 years in sub-Saharan Africa simply does not exist. 

An oil rig in the ocean. Adobe Stock.

Guyana’s Oil Boom: 2 Steps Down, 4 to Go

ExxonMobil announced the discovery of two more massive oil fields off the coast of Guyana last month. If back-of-the-envelope estimates of around $5 billion of oil revenue per year are correct, that equates to around $6,410 USD per person—far more than the current GDP per capita of $4,655 USD. This wall of cash could be transformative or it could create a rash of new problems.

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