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Too many migration pathways are extractive; taking the best and brightest talent from low-income countries and moving them to high-income countries. This can exacerbate worker shortages and lead to concerns about “brain drain."
Agreements of this type fulfil the requirements of the WHO Code: They help individual health workers move to countries of destination, they increase the number of skilled workers and improve health systems in countries of origin, and they manage migration in an ethical and sustainable way. They deserve to be piloted, tested, appropriately modified, and scaled.
Last week, President Biden issued a new Executive Order aiming, among other things, to “enhance access for individuals from the Northern Triangle to visa programs.” This is a big opportunity for the United States. People from this region need access to lawful migration pathways, and it is now the policy of the U.S. government to build them. The Administration can build those pathways today by signing bilateral labor agreements with Northern Triangle governments.
Given that international travelers introduced COVID-19 to almost every country in the world, it's natural to associate international mobility with the spread of disease. During the pandemic, 179 countries have implemented some form of travel restrictions. And beyond COVID-19, some countries may uphold such restrictions for fear of the next pandemic.
As people in poor countries get richer, they are more likely to emigrate—despite many governments' attempts to use development assistance to deter emigration. Read CGD's new work on the relationship between emigration and wealth.
COVID-19 has cost millions of migrant workers their jobs, pushing families around the world into extreme poverty. On International Day of #FamilyRemittances, here are some actions governments and the private sector can take to cushion the blow.
The biggest immigration debate of this year in the US has been what to do about the rise in migration pressure at the Southwest border. That pressure comes mostly from the “Northern Triangle” of Central America: Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador.
European policymakers are currently meeting in Brussels. Top of the agenda: controlling irregular migration from Africa. To make this work, here’s what they need to understand about the relationship between migration and development.