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CGD experts offer ideas and analysis to improve international development policy. Also check out our Global Health blog and US Development Policy blog.

 

Uwarugira Adele works at the call center in Kasha's office in Rwanda

A Gender Lens on COVID-19: Pandemics and Violence against Women and Children

Early in the COVID-19 outbreak, we have seen increased reports of increased intimate partner violence (IPV) and violence against children. In China’s Jianli County, for example, the local police station reported receiving 162 reports of IPV in February—three times what was reported in February 2019. Existing research about pandemics and disease outbreaks aligns with the increased violence stemming from COVID-19 and related response efforts.

Women working at a textile factory in Luxor, Egypt. Photo by Dominic Chavez, World Bank

How Will COVID-19 Affect Women and Girls in Low- and Middle-Income Countries?

Policymakers should be thinking—and worried—about how COVID-19 is expected to disproportionately affect women and girls. Gender inequality can come into even starker focus in the context of health emergencies. With COVID-19 continuing to spread, what do we see so far—and what can we expect in the future—in terms of the impacts on women and girls?

Countries where men and women are more financially included, and where differences in endowments (income, education) are the cause vs. ones where something else is at work.

Unpacking the Gender Gaps in Financial Inclusion

Financial inclusion—an individual’s access to bank accounts or other financial products—has improved around much of the world, but significant gender gaps remain. How can we account for this gap? Do gender gaps in financial inclusion reflect differences in observable characteristics such as income, education, or labor force status? Would the gaps persist if women had the same levels of education and income as men? Or, are other, less observable, factors at work?

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