Ideas to Action:

Independent research for global prosperity

Views from the Center

CGD experts offer ideas and analysis to improve international development policy. Also check out our Global Health blog and US Development Policy blog.

 

Who Is Going Back to School? A Four-Country Rapid Survey in Ethiopia, India, Nigeria, and Pakistan

To understand the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on re-enrollment for girls and boys, CGD and Malala Fund collaborated to analyze results from a series of rapid surveys that Malala Fund commissioned in Ethiopia, India, Nigeria, and Pakistan. These surveys are among the first (to our knowledge) to elicit children’s self-reported likelihood of going back to school and their experiences during the pandemic.

Chart showing prevalence of private schools in Europe, Africa, Latin America, and South Asia. The other three have far higher private enrollment than Europe, and pre-primary and high secondary have the highest percentages across all.

The Economic Shock of COVID-19 May Hit Private School and Contract Teachers Hardest

While regular public school teachers may be relatively safe from significant wage reductions following COVID-19 in many parts of the world, the structure of the teacher labor market will likely play an important role in the impact of the shock on the education system as a whole. Private schools and contract teachers are a key part of the education workforce in many developing countries and face disproportionate risks of job loss and salary reductions following the pandemic.

Chart showing LAYS gained per $100 on a log scale. Giving information has huge variance but the highest gains. Targeted teaching and structured lessons also had high average gains.

What Interventions Deliver the Most Quality Years of Education? And at What Price?

There are many studies that show how one intervention reduces dropouts (better access to school) or another intervention increases learning (better quality of schooling). But policymakers and others care about a combination of access and learning! So how do you choose between one intervention that says it will keep kids in school longer and another that says it will boost their learning? Presenting the results of evaluations in terms of learning-adjusted years of schooling, or LAYS, is one solution.

The authors children: a big sister leads her younger brother through a yard

Doing Well in Life? Thank Your Big Sister

Older siblings—particularly sisters—play a much larger role in caring for young children in many low- and middle-income country (LMIC) contexts, particularly in rural areas and among households engaged in subsistence agriculture and other forms of domestic production. In spite of this, the role that older sisters play in childrearing is often ignored in research and policy discussions of early childhood.

Map of social assistance programs during COVID around the world

A Footballer’s Masterclass in Policy Influence

Manchester United footballer Marcus Rashford’s campaign to get the UK government to feed disadvantaged children during the school holidays is a masterclass in campaigning: a single, achievable policy issue, phenomenal use of his platform, backed with good data and an increasingly strong coalition of partners.

Four charts showing that more educated, higher income, and higher skill-level workers are more likely to be accessing distance learning for their kids. The relationship for region isn't as clear.

Three Lessons from a New Phone Survey in Pakistan

After six months of school closures, Pakistan began reopening its schools in a phased manner on September 15. Schools had been shut since March 13, 2020 in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. To understand the impacts, CGD partnered with TCF in Pakistan and with CERP to survey households with students in TCF schools on how COVID-19 has affected their children’s education, their livelihoods, and health.

Pages

Tags