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Countries where men and women are more financially included, and where differences in endowments (income, education) are the cause vs. ones where something else is at work.

Unpacking the Gender Gaps in Financial Inclusion

Financial inclusion—an individual’s access to bank accounts or other financial products—has improved around much of the world, but significant gender gaps remain. How can we account for this gap? Do gender gaps in financial inclusion reflect differences in observable characteristics such as income, education, or labor force status? Would the gaps persist if women had the same levels of education and income as men? Or, are other, less observable, factors at work?

A Peruvian woman smiles in her kitchen, wearing dish washing gloves

The Debate about Headship in Poverty and Gender Studies

Disagreement exists over the usefulness of the concept of headship in household surveys, and of the use of female headship in the analysis of poverty. Some researchers even argue for getting rid of the headship concept altogether and for organizing the household roster instead around a chosen “primary respondent,” whatever her status in the household.

A bar chart showing the number of female full-time employees hired by each Nigerian tech firm surveyed

Nigeria's Tech Sector May Be Booming, but Where Are the Women?

The participation of women in the Nigerian tech sector is low. In a survey of tech firms conducted by the ONE Campaign and the Center for Global Development, only about 30 percent were owned by women, mostly concentrated in e-commerce and enterprise solutions. Of women-owned firms, the median share of ownership is 20 percent. Tech firms do not employ many women either—31 firms in our sample employ no women at all. The median value is two female employees per firm.

A figure showing gender balance in the CGD education program

Gender Equality: Is the CGD Education Program Walking the Talk?

At CGD, we’re working to achieve global gender equality, and in the education program that means a focus on gender equality in education and beyond. Despite access to schooling becoming more equal, gender inequality remains acute and is deeply rooted in economic, political, and social spheres in developed and developing countries. Over the next few years the Education Program will be researching the role that education can (and can’t) play in building more equal societies for men and women.

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