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Chart showing the potential support ratio by age for Austria from 1950 to 2050. In 1950 it was over 6. By 2020 it had fallen to 3.5. By 2050 it's projected to fall below 2.0.

The EU Migration Pact: Why Effective Returns are Necessary

On September 23, the European Commission announced their New Pact on Migration and Asylum, “proposing a fresh start on migration: building confidence through more effective procedures and striking a new balance between responsibility and solidarity.” This focus on strengthening returns and border security is important. But Europe must do more to open up new legal pathways for migration.

Chart of unemployment rates by nationality in Sweden -- showing higher rates for foreign nationalities than Swedes.

Policies, Outcomes, and Populism: The Integration of Migrants in Sweden

Sweden doesn’t seem to be immune to the Europe-wide trend of hostility to migration, as a significant 17.5 percent of the vote went to the Sweden Democrats, a populist, anti-immigration party. This is even more surprising given Sweden’s reputation for openness and successful integration, a perception supported by data; the country tops both this year’s Commitment to Development Index (CDI) and its migration component. So is the CDI wrong?