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From the article:
As health officials work to contain the continuing outbreak of Ebola in the Democratic Republic of Congo, lessons from that crisis can be applied to more equitably battle Lassa fever, another deadly infectious disease.
As 2019 begins, the Ebola outbreak in the DRC is a public health dilemma of tragic proportions. This outbreak, the second largest in history, disproportionally affects women of childbearing potential. Unfortunately, the only available Ebola vaccine has characteristics that make it problematic for use in women who are pregnant. Although they are at high risk of becoming infected and dying, clear recommendations to support giving the vaccine to pregnant women have not been forthcoming.
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From the article:
« Le processus qui s’ouvre s’annonce tumultueux compte tenu des prises de position de Donald Trump », prédit Scott Morris, du Center for Global Development, un think tank de Washington. « Une question-clé sera de savoir jusqu’à quel point tiendra l’accord mutuel qui a poussé jusqu’ici les Etats-Unis et l’Europe à se soutenir l’un l’autre, poursuit cet expert, chargé des relations du Trésor avec la BM sous Barack Obama. Mais il ne faut pas oublier que les Etats-Unis conservent un avantage-clé en tant que premier actionnaire de la banque. »
From the article:
"Creo que desde luego, y siguiendo con la tradición, EE.UU. nominará a un candidato. Aunque preveo muy incierto saber qué ocurrirá en esta ocasión (...) dado que este presidente (Trump) no es terriblemente popular entre el resto de países", explicó a Efe Scott Morris, exfuncionario del Tesoro estadounidense e investigador del Center for Global Development (CGDEV).
Para Morris, esta situación supone un "verdadero desafío" para la Administración estadounidense.
"Podría ser un problema real que por primera vez en la historia el candidato de EE.UU. sea rechazado por el BM, por lo que exige un grado de aperturismo mental por parte de Washington para escoger con cuidado su candidato que sea aceptable por el resto de países", afirmó el experto.
From the article:
But that was then. With Donald Trump in the Oval Office, a more aggressive movement to overturn five decades of U.S. domination is underway. “The U.S shouldn’t get to pick the head of the World Bank. And not just because Trump is president,” said a Slate commentary by Charles Kenny, senior fellow at the Center for Global Development. Media reports warn that Kim’s departure, three years before the end of his term, “tees up a battle between the Trump administration… and critics seeking to break the U.S. stranglehold” on the bank’s presidency.
Maybe the critics of U.S. domination should be granted their wish. Ending U.S. domination of the bank’s hierarchy could be exactly the kind of reform it needs.
Scott Morris of the Center for Global Development says the money that China borrows money from the World Bank is "not a lifeline," but a mechanism for Beijing to access expertise from the institution. He also notes that China uses the loans to support carbon emission reductions, which benefits everyone.
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From the article:
Most World Bank lending to China aligns with the bank’s existing policy on how it lends to wealthier countries — but some lending doesn’t, according to a new report from the Center for Global Development.
The report, released Thursday, examines how lending to China fits into the bank’s framework for engaging with graduation eligible countries, which was adopted as part of the capital increase process last year. The 2018 agreement limits the share the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development can allocate to countries that are above the graduation threshold, adjusted the pricing on lending to those countries, and laid out principles for how IBRD should engage in those countries.
China’s borrowing from the World Bank was a key point of discussion ahead of last year’s capital increase and a source of tension between the United States and the World Bank. But whether and how much China should continue borrowing does not have a straightforward answer, said Scott Morris, one of the report’s authors and a senior fellow and director of the US Development Policy Initiative at the Center for Global Development.
There have also been questions about why China, which can get financing elsewhere on similar terms and is a big donor itself, would turn to the World Bank. China is likely motivated by the services, technical expertise, and policy dialogue that comes with the loans, Morris said, adding that the report is meant to inform the policy debate about China and graduation from World Bank lending.
“What we found in taking a close look at the portfolio is broadly reassuring,” Morris said of the fact that China continues to borrow under thematic constraints. But there are some areas that don’t seem to fit the standards or lending to higher income borrowers, per the agreement that accompanied last year’s capital increase, he noted.
“If IBRD lending were designed to be strictly focused on the poorer provinces as a path toward graduation, then actual lending appears to have fallen well short,” the report states.
About 44 percent of the lending to China is related to global public goods — particularly climate mitigation — or designated strictly as capacity building, according to the report, which said that this “suggests weak alignment with the 2018 principles.” A broader interpretation of capacity building, including an analysis of the lending to the poorest provinces that need more assistance, paints a more favorable picture of the alignment, Morris said.
“As we assessed the whole portfolio, big buckets made sense, but there were gaps — projects not supporting western China or to low-income provinces. A tighter country strategy would not allow [those] investments to get through,” he said.
To help ensure that there are not projects that do not align, the report suggests that the World Bank do a better job of labeling projects and establish a clear framework for evaluating loans to ensure that they fit with the bank’s policy objectives.
While the new policy should guide decision-making and investment decisions should be evaluated based on those guidelines, but Morris said that major new procedures likely aren’t necessary.
From the article:
Figures published this week by the Centre for Global Development, based in Washington, showed the Bank had lent almost $7.9bn to China since 2016, when China passed the level of per capita income at which it should seek to “graduate” from using World Bank loans.
Analysis by CGDev showed just 44% of the China portfolio comprised activities that were clearly focused on global public goods — mainly pollution control and sustainable infrastructure — or designated strictly as capacity building.
Scott Morris, a senior fellow at CGDev and lead author of the study, said that although the figures mainly included loans before the 2018 agreement, it showed the extent of reform the Bank would have to do.
“If we were to apply a test, the Bank should be either concentrated on the lower income provinces or should meet a global public goods test in higher income provinces,” he told GlobalCapital.
Morris argued that while borrowing on this scale deserved scrutiny, it was important the Bank did not shut off lending to China. “The world has a lot to gain from the World Bank’s relationship with China, so the conversation should be more about modulation and less about graduation,” he said.
“A substantial portion of Bank lending to China is aimed at reducing carbon emissions,” Morris added. "As the world’s largest polluter, China must be at the forefront of any meaningful progress on climate change, and if the World Bank can help provide the right incentives for that, we all stand to gain."
“World Bank lending and technical assistance to middle income countries allows us to gain and share knowledge globally and help find solutions to issues that affect us all, in line with our goal to end poverty and address global challenges.”
Morris acknowledged that the report risked fuelling anger in the Trump administration, as China continues to pour money into its One Belt One Road (Obor) initiative.
“The fact that China is one of the World Bank’s largest borrowers at the same time that it lends billions of dollars to developing countries under Belt and Road has become a political thorn in the side of the Bank and has raised the ire of countries like the United States,” Morris said.
Morris said he believed China would make concessions, such as agreeing to pay higher interest rates on World Bank loans, to ensure a positive relationship. “A more focused relationship, and one that frankly asks more from China in terms of interest charges on loans, can help lower the political heat and put things on a sustainable and productive path,” he said.