CGD Invited Research Forum
Monday, January 30, 2017 - 12:30pm
Corruption in hiring for public sector jobs is common in developing countries, and has been assumed to have a detrimental effect on delivery of government services. This paper provides a framework for understanding this type of corruption and demonstrates that it need not have negative consequences. Weaver collects original data from a hiring process for managerial positions in a developing country health bureaucracy, and finds that hires paid large bribes, averaging 17 months’ salary. He uses data on bribe offers to characterize the structure of these markets, showing that job allocations are made as if via a first-price, winner-pay, sealed bid auction. To establish the consequences of corruption, he estimates a structural model of entry to determine hires under counterfactual hiring procedures, such as standardized testing, and compares them to actual hires. For this comparison, Weaver identifies causal relationships between a set of hire characteristics and better delivery of health services. Based on these characteristics, actual hires are of comparable or superior quality to the hires under counterfactual systems, e.g. as compared to hires under a knowledge-based test, actual hires are 4.3-8.7 percentage points closer to the predicted optimal set of hires. Although hiring decisions are based primarily on bribes, hires are high quality because applicant wealth and willingness to pay for the position are strongly positively correlated with quality. Applying this to a general model of hiring, he identifies the environments in which corruption will lead to misallocation, discusses how anti-corruption efforts should be designed, and argues for a greater focus on hiring for mid-level government managers.
Thursday, January 12, 2017 - 4:00pm
Please join us to hear policymakers from inside and outside the US government discuss their experience applying the principle of country ownership, reflecting on its importance as well as its challenges and trade-offs. Forthcoming research from CGD’s US Development Policy Initiative will review progress made in implementing country ownership, identify the constraints the agencies face, and offer recommendations for better execution of a country ownership approach in practice.
Thursday, December 15, 2016 - 5:30pm
CGD is delighted to announce that Nancy Birdsall, our founding president, will deliver the 2016 Richard Sabot Memorial Lecture, entitled ‘New Development Realities in a changing Global Order’. Birdsall will step down at the end of the year and this will be her last public event as CGD president.
CGD Invited Research Forum
Thursday, December 8, 2016 - 12:30pm
The WHO has recently debated whether to reaffirm its long-standing recommendation to deliver deworming drugs en masse to children in places with high worm prevalence. While deworming drugs are safe and cheap, a recent Cochrane review concluded there is “substantial evidence” that mass deworming has no impact on weight or other child outcomes, leading some to question the WHO policy.
Wednesday, December 7, 2016 - 4:00pm
In uncertain political times, the world needs solutions that enjoy broad-based support. Drawing on more than 20 research papers commissioned over two years, Why Forests? Why Now? demonstrates the disproportionate impact tropical forests can have on climate change mitigation, how the livelihoods of millions of poor people around the world depend on the services they provide, and how consensus has been reached on a framework for international cooperation to conserve them.
Wednesday, December 7, 2016 - 10:00am
As the Obama Administration heads into its final months, USAID Administrator Gayle Smith offers a look at how President Obama and his team chose to address the question of US leadership in global development. She will share her perspective on how USAID and its community of partners are positioned to make progress in an increasingly sharp-edged world.
Tuesday, December 6, 2016 - 8:45am
In 2006, CGD released a working group report titled “When Will We Ever Learn? Improving Lives Through Impact Evaluation.” It described an evaluation gap and proposed an international effort to systematically build evidence on “what works” in development with the aim of improving the effectiveness of social programs. Ten years later, we will reflect on progress toward these goals. Despite a host of challenges, hundreds of millions of people across the world have benefited from programs that have been rigorously evaluated and scaled up. Impact evaluation has generated knowledge about poverty and public policy leading to better programs.
CGD Invited Research Forum
Friday, December 2, 2016 - 12:30pm
How can we ensure that girls and boys living in conflict-affected regions have equitable access to quality education? We are delighted to announce that Professors Dana Burde and Cyrus Samii will present findings from New York University's USAID-funded Assessment of Learning Outcomes and Social Effects of Community-Based Education in Afghanistan’s (ALSE). (DELETE- cutting edge randomized controlled trial assessing community-based education (CBE)).
Wednesday, November 30, 2016 - 1:30pm
Official Side Event to the Global Partnership for Effective Development Cooperation 2nd High Level Meetings. This high-level panel will present new research conclusions and practical policy actions generated by a high-level working group convened by the Center for Global Development to deliver long-term progress on the Sustainable Development Goals by making emergency aid for disasters faster, more effective, and more fair.
Tuesday, November 29, 2016 - 12:30pm
In his new book Should Rich Nations Help the Poor?, leading poverty analyst Professor David Hulme explains why helping the world's neediest communities is both the right thing to do and the wise thing to do—if rich nations want to take care of their own citizens' future welfare.
Monday, November 28, 2016 - 10:30am
Please join the U.S. Treasury Department, the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), and CGD for a World’s AIDS Day Event: How Can Finance Ministries Support a Sustainable HIV Response? Together, with some of the country’s leading experts, we will explore how a partnership between the U.S. Treasury Department and PEPFAR will support finance ministries to strengthen the efficiency and effectiveness of the health sector and the fight to end HIV/AIDS. This interactive discussion will address several questions: Why this partnership? How can Treasury support the global health and HIV agenda? What challenges do finance ministries currently face in their engagement in the health sector? And how do we ensure that finance ministries are integrated into structures to monitor resources and expenditures in HIV and the health sector more broadly?
Wednesday, November 9, 2016 - 4:00pm
In September 2015, world leaders agreed on a new development agenda, Agenda 2030, that would leave no one behind and that would eliminate extreme poverty and hunger. What are the most effective ways of reach those objectives? Is agriculture still the most effective way to reduce poverty, in a rapidly changing world with a growing demand for food and rapid urbanization in many developing countries? More broadly, what is the role of rural economies – including but beyond agriculture, rural societies, and rural landscapes in turning the agenda into reality?
Thursday, November 3, 2016 - 9:30am
Co-hosted by Data2X/UN Foundation, the International Development Research Centre, and CGD, the session will discuss, first, new evidence on what works to empower women economically and, second, how to measure the subjective dimension of economic empowerment. Interventions such as savings and micro-credit, and mentors and networks will be examined—Which work best, for whom and why? An update of the evidence in A Roadmap for Promoting Women’s Economic Empowerment will provide insights on these questions.
Wednesday, November 2, 2016 - 11:00am
The Birdsall House Conference Series on Women seeks to identify and bring attention to leading research and scholarly findings on women’s empowerment in the fields of development economics, behavioral economics, and political economy.
Thursday, October 20, 2016 - 1:00pm
Please join the International Women's Health Coalition, Center for Global Development, Girls Not Brides USA, and Population Council for the 3rd Annual GIRL SUMMIT DC: "Keeping Our Promises to Adolescent Girls".
CGD Invited Research Forum
Wednesday, October 19, 2016 - 4:00pm
Can nation building be achieved by promoting social integration and a national identity among groups from diverse cultural and linguistic backgrounds? In his new paper, Professor Samuel Bazzi and his coauthors use a large resettlement program in Indonesia as a natural experiment to investigate the relationship between diversity and nation building. In their paper, their findings suggest that increased diversity is associated with nation building, where there are greater inter-ethnic marriage, less residential segregation, and no differential conflict in the program areas. They also find that the use of a national language helped mediate the increased scope for inter-ethnic interaction. These results may offer insights into the potential conditions in which ethnic diversity can be harnessed for improved social outcomes.
Friday, October 7, 2016 - 9:30am
Join us for a discussion of the new report by CGD’s High Level Panel on the Future of Multilateral Development Banking, which offers a frank assessment of current MDB policies and practices, situating them in the context of new development challenges. For over five decades the multilateral development banks have combined financial heft and technical knowledge to support investments in post-conflict reconstruction, growth, and poverty reduction. However, the geo-economic landscape has changed dramatically in this century. There are new banks, and also new challenges that call for global collective action and financing of the sort the MDBs are well-suited to provide but have been handicapped in doing so effectively. How should the MDBs respond?
Thursday, October 6, 2016 - 4:00pm
Please join us for a unique event, where we will hear from the heads of five development finance institutions (DFIs) about how to unlock private resources for global prosperity. As public sector organizations set up to attract private wealth into development projects, these five DFIs together bring $50 billion to the table—and catalyze much more.