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FY20 Budget Request: IFIs

US Budget: International Financial Institutions

Scott Morris has pointed to the lack of ambition on the part of the current administration when it comes to US engagement in multilateral institutions. With the notable exception of its decision to support the World Bank’s recent general capital increase, the Trump administration has voiced broad desire for reform while curbing international commitments.This diminished ambition is evidenced in its FY20 budget request by both a decline in the number of funds and institutions included in the budget request and in funding commitments by value. This chart shows the Obama administration’s final budget request (FY17) for the international financial institutions compared to the Trump administration’s latest request.

FY20 Budget Request: Humanitarian Funding

US Budget: Humanitarian Funding

In its FY20 budget request, the administration also proposes merging humanitarian funding streams and re-aligning interagency roles. This is a first, and comes in response to a government-wide reform and reorganization plan issued last year that called for optimizing US humanitarian response.

FY20 Budget Request: Bilateral Economic Assistance

US Budget: Bilateral Economic Assistance

For the third time, the Trump administration proposed merging a number of bilateral economic assistance accounts: the Economic Support Fund, USAID’s Development Assistance, the Democracy Fund, and Assistance for Europe, Eurasia, and Central Asia. Appropriators have twice rejected the merger—and the third time seems unlikely to be the charm for this plan given its pairing with the type of steep cuts ($2.4 billion or more than 31 percent) that have proven unpopular in past years.

When Nigeria's population surpasses America's, will power capacity keep up?

When Nigeria's population surpasses America's, will power capacity keep up?

Sometime around 2045, Nigeria’s population will pass the United States in size. Nigeria isalready the world’s most under-powered country in the world relative to its income—nearly 80 percent below global trends. As large as the power gap is today, what will Nigeria’s electricity generation capacity look like in 30 years?

A chart of Health Commodity Market Size in 50 Low and Middle Income Countries, 2015

Health Commodity Market Size in 50 Low and Middle Income Countries, 2015

What can we say about the relative size and composition of health commodity markets across different countries? We took a stab at piecing together publicly available data sources to find an initial answer for low- and middle-income countries as part of the background work to inform the CGD Working Group on the Future of Global Health Procurement.

US assistance to DRM by agency and instrument, 2015, chart

US assistance to DRM by agency and instrument, 2015

In 2015, the United States delivered $37 million in DRM-focused assistance in 32 countries. USAID contributed the most, disbursing nearly $25 million, followed by MCC ($8.2 million), Treasury ($3.7 million), and the US Trade and Development Agency (a single $8,000 feasibility study in Pakistan).

Gender in Article IV Reports by Year

To date this might be seen more as crawling than walking the talk on gender: about 4/5 of Article IV discussions completed so far in 2017 still don’t specifically advocate for a reform, or program to promote women’s economic empowerment, despite it being a considerable issue in every country.

Revised estimates of illicit financial flows and trade misinvoicing in South Africa

Previous and revised estimates for illicit financial outflows from trade misinvoicing from South Africa

You might remember the UNCTAD report on trade misinvoicing published last year which alleged that the majority of gold exports leave South Africa unreported. If not, you will more than likely have heard the billion dollar estimates of illicit financial flows as a source of resources for financing the SDGs. It is increasingly clear that these calculations, based on gaps and mismatches in trade are not reliable.

Chart of analytical validity and reliability by evaluation type

Analytical Validity and Reliability by Evaluation Type (N=37)

We randomly sampled 37 evaluations and applied a standardized assessment approach with two reviewers rating each evaluation. To answer questions about evaluation quality, we used three criteria from the evaluation literature: relevance, validity, and reliability. We constructed four aggregate scores (on a three-point scale) to correspond with these criteria. Overall, we found that most evaluations did not meet social science standards in terms of relevance, validity, and reliability; only a relatively small share of evaluations received a high score.

Chart of sampling validity and reliability by evaluation type

Sampling Validity and Reliability by Evaluation Type (N=37)

We randomly sampled 37 evaluations and applied a standardized assessment approach with two reviewers rating each evaluation. To answer questions about evaluation quality, we used three criteria from the evaluation literature: relevance, validity, and reliability. We constructed four aggregate scores (on a three-point scale) to correspond with these criteria. Overall, we found that most evaluations did not meet social science standards in terms of relevance, validity, and reliability; only a relatively small share of evaluations received a high score.

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