The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria (GFATM) was established very quickly in 2001 in response to a widespread perception that a rapid scale-up in financing was critical in the fight against the three diseases. Since it began operations in January 2002, GFATM has made important progress. It has raised substantial funding and become the world’s largest donor for TB and malaria. 70% of the programs reaching the two-year renewal stage are showing solid results. Rwanda, for example, has put over 4,000 people on ARV treatment, more than double its program target, and GFATM programs in aggregate have financed ARV treatment for 130,000 people to date.
CGD Policy Blogs
Immunization is one of the safest ways to reduce disease and poverty in developing countries. But 3 million people die every year of vaccine-preventable diseases; and that will likely rise to 4.5 million when rotavirus and pneumococcus vaccines are available, if past experience is any guide. And progress towards vaccines suitable for HIV, malaria and tuberculosis is painfully slow.
Political stability and sound domestic economic policies are the main ingredients in making development possible, according to William R. Cline, joint fellow of the Center for Global Development and the Institute for International Economics. In a presentation to the Society for International Development on December 12, 2004 Cline suggested three areas the U.S. should focus on in order to increase global development and reduce poverty.
Why did a U.N. official’s remark soon after the tsunami hit that rich countries are “stingy” stir such a furor in the U.S.? We are a thick-skinned people, inventors of “Crossfire” and the NFL, led by a president who takes pride in disregarding foreign opinion. Yet even though Jan Egeland, the U.N. point person for disaster relief, did not single out the U.S., his words hit a raw nerve.
Even as the tragedy in Asia elicits an outpouring of charity from Americans, it has sparked controversy over whether America is in fact generous. President Bush, Secretary of State Colin Powell, and U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) chief Andrew Natsios have all asserted that America is generous. What are the facts?
In this chapter from Markus Haacker's book on the macroeconomic implications of HIV/AIDS, Nancy Birdsall and Amar Hamoudi discuss the effect AIDS has on the supply of and demand for education in Africa.
Smart generals study history. The lessons of battles past provide valuable clues about how to win in the future. In the war against AIDS in the developing world we need to study how major successes have been achieved in health programs and how to apply those lessons today.
What will George W. Bush’s second term mean for the U.S. role in development? Nancy Birdsall, president of the Center for Global Development, sees two related challenges facing U.S. development initiatives. First is updating and reforming U.S. aid institutions to better meet today’s foreign policy needs. Second is delivering on promises to increase U.S. assistance at a time of rising deficits.
Doubling the Global Workforce: The challenge of integrating China, India and the former Soviet Bloc into the World Economy
Richard B. Freeman from Harvard University and NBER Centre for Economic Performance, London School of Economics gave a presentation on the expanding global workforce on November 8.