Ideas to Action:

Independent research for global prosperity

Publications

 

July 20, 2009

To Formalize or Not to Formalize? Comparisons of Microenterprise Data from Southern and East Africa - Working Paper 175

Why do so many businesses choose to remain informal? Vijaya Ramachandran and co-authors discover that the answer is more nuanced than often believed. In East Africa, for instance, the difference in productivity between formal and informal firms is often indistinguishable, while in Southern Africa productivity it is more differentiated. Policies to encourage formalization and increase productivity are likely to be more successful in East Africa, whereas an emphasis on job training and vocational skills might be more appropriate in Southern Africa.

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Alan Gelb , Taye Mengistae , Vijaya Ramachandran and Manju Kedia Shah
Cover of Africa's Private Sector: What's Wrong with the Business Environment and What to Do About It
March 23, 2009

Africa's Private Sector: What's Wrong with the Business Environment and What to Do About It

What's keeping private business from flourishing in Africa? On the basis of unique enterprise surveys, Vijaya Ramachandran and her co-authors identify poor roads and unreliable power as major physical challenges; ethnic segmentation and the economic predominance ethnic minorities further constrain the business environment. The author show how investing in infrastructure and improving access to education can help bring about a broad-based business class in Africa.

Vijaya Ramachandran , Alan Gelb and Manju Kedia Shah
February 6, 2009

A Fresh Look at Global Governance: Exploring Objective Criteria for Representation - Working Paper 160

The authors of this CGD working paper analyze what the principal bodies of global government—the Bretton Woods institutions and the UN, the G-20 and the OECD—would like if a country’s membership and roles were contingent upon objective criteria that would better balance representation and effectiveness. They find major disparities between the results of their analysis and the state of affairs today, and they point to the need for changes far more fundamental than the incremental tweaks now being considered.

January 14, 2009

Do Regulatory Reforms Stimulate Investment and Growth? Evidence from the Doing Business Data, 2003-07 - Working Paper 159

In this paper, witha foreword by senior fellow Vijaya Ramachandran, Benjamin Eifert of UC-Berkeley investigates the effects of regulatory reform by drawing on years of data across 90 countries. He discusses the characteristics of countries that choose to reform and the results of these reforms. The paper it contains valuable insights for policymakers and institutions focused on regulatory reform in weak states.

Benjamin P. Eifert