Ideas to Action:

Independent research for global prosperity



August 27, 2009

Skill Flow: A Fundamental Reconsideration of Skilled-Worker Mobility and Development - Working Paper 180

The emigration of skilled workers from developing countries is often referred to as brain drain and considered something that should be limited. In this paper, resident fellow Michael Clemens takes the term to task and shows instead that a more open skill flow—a more accurate and neutral label—would both benefit home countries and guarantee workers the freedom that is the hallmark of development.

August 19, 2009

The Illusion of Equality: The Educational Consequences of Blinding Weak States, For Example - Working Paper 178

Efforts to decentralize educational systems often arouse fears that the quality of schooling will become less equal as a result. But what’s the evidence? CGD non-resident fellow Lant Pritchett and co-author Martina Viarengo show in a new CGD working paper that the supposedly greater equality of centralized systems is often little more than the illusion of a bureaucracy blinded to local realities.


Martina Viarengo
August 19, 2009

Making Markets for Merit Goods: The Political Economy of Antiretrovirals - Working Paper 179

Before a 2006 UN Special Session proclaimed there should be universal access to antiretrovirals (ARV), the life-saving drugs were far too expensive for most people with AIDS. In a new CGD working paper, Ethan Kapstein and Josh Busby examine how activists transformed ARVs from expensive private goods into so-called merit goods—products that society agrees should be accessible to all. In a related blog post they discuss the implications of their analysis for AIDS and other global challenges.


Ethan Kapstein and Josh Busby
August 19, 2009

Going Beyond Gender as Usual: Why and How Global HIV/AIDS Donors Can Do More for Women and Girls

Few people doubt that gender inequality influences the spread of HIV/AIDS, yet public health efforts tend to focus on changing individual behavior rather than addressing structural factors—social, economic, physical and political—that influence the spread and effects of HIV and AIDS. This brief shows how three of the biggest donors to global HIV/AIDS programs can go beyond their stated commitments to address gender inequality and more effectively combat HIV and AIDS.

Christina Droggitis , Nandini Oomman and David Wendt
August 12, 2009

Global Nutrition Institutions: Is There an Appetite for Change?

Undernutrition kills more than three million mothers and children annually, and millions more children suffer irreversible, long-term damage to their bodies and minds. Yet nutrition is too often a low priority for rich-world donors and even for governments in the most affected countries. A new CGD essay by Ruth Levine and Danielle Kuczynski shows why and offers two practical suggestions for improvement.


Ruth Levine and Danielle Kuczynski
August 10, 2009

Climate Change Negotiating Positions of Major Developing Country Emitters - Working Paper 177

What do developing countries want from global climate negotiations? A new CGD working paper by Jan von der Goltz outlines the negotiating stances of the developing world’s major emitters ahead of December talks in Copenhagen. It shows that developing countries have floated compromises on key issues including burden sharing, monitoring, and implementation; an annex describes how developing countries are already acting to limit the growth of their emissions.



Jan von der Goltz
August 6, 2009

Criss-Crossing Globalization: Uphill Flows of Skill-Intensive Goods and Foreign Direct Investment - Working Paper 176

What happens when capital and sophisticated goods flow uphill, from poorer to richer countries? With a new dataset of foreign direct investment and a measure of the sophistication of exports, CGD senior fellow Arvind Subramanian and his co-author Aaditya Mattoo find that developing countries sending goods and services uphill experience economic growth and other development benefits.

Aaditya Mattoo and Arvind Subramanian