CGD vice president and senior fellow Todd Moss and reasearch assistant Lauren Young propose direct cash distribution of Ghana's oil profits to help the country avoid the natural resource curse. One positive effect of the plan would be to strenghten democratic pressure on the government to be good stewards of the resource.
International aid works, but it could work much better. Reform efforts focused on better planning often ignore what constrains aid agencies and takes the bite out of their commitments. In this working paper, Owen Barder shows how forming a "collaborative market" around aid—one marked by transparency and collective regulation—would pave the way for more effective aid.
Despite six decades of trade liberalization, trade policies in rich countries still discriminate against the exports of the world’s poorest countries. Much remains to be done to achieve the goal of meaningful market access for the poorest countries, including reformed rules of origin that facilitate rather than inhibit trade.
In a pathbreaking follow-up to the 2008 report Girls Count, Miriam Temin and CGD vice president Ruth Levine shed light on the reality of girls’ health worldwide and its enormous on the wellbeing and productivity of girls, their families, and their nations. Start with a Girl: A New Agenda for Global Health highlights successful efforts to break the cycle of ill health and proposes a comprehensive, practical health agenda that starts with adolescent girls.
The CGD Task Force on Access to Financial Services proposes 10 principles for financial-sector policymakers—including national authorities, donors, private-sector participants, international financial institutions, and others—on the facilitation, regulation, and direct provision of financial services.
Targeted U.S. Support for Zimbabwe’s Recovery: Testimony before the Senate Foreign Relations Subcommittee on African Affairs
CGD vice president for corporate affairs and senior fellow Todd Moss testified before the Senate Foreign Relations Subcommittee on African Affairs about U.S. policy toward Zimbabwe. He urged members of the committee to support democratic elements of Zimbabwe’s government without aiding corrupt forces in the country.
What policies could help Latin America achieve accelerated, sustained growth that reduces poverty and inequality? CGD senior fellow Liliana Rojas-Suarez describes the framework for growth outlined in the book Growing Pains in Latin America and its practical policy recommendations.
Climate Change and the Future Impacts of Storm-Surge Disasters in Developing Countries - Working Paper 182
As temperatures rise this century, massive tropical storm surges and growing populations may collide in disasters of unprecedented size. CGD senior fellow David Wheeler and co-authors explore the implications for 84 developing countries, providing new data for 577 cyclone-vulnerable coastal cities with populations greater than 100,000. Bottom line: carefully targeted international assistance will be essential to protect population centers.
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Countering Drug Resistance in the Developing World: An Assessment of Incentives across the Value Chain and Recommendations for Policy Interventions - Working Paper 183
In this working paper, commissioned as part of CGD's Drug Resistance Working Group, Prashant Yadav analyzes how changes in supply-chain business practices could help fix the misaligned incentives that hinder worldwide access to high-quality medical goods.
MCA Monitor: Which Countries Jump the FY2010 Corruption Hurdle? A Preview into Round 7 of Millennium Challenge Account Country Selection
CGD's MCA Monitor takes a look at which countries pass the control of corruption indicator for fiscal year 2010.
Learning to Share: Explaining the Conditions under Which States Delegate Governance - Working Paper 181
Continuing CGD’s work on weak and fragile states, Aila Matanock of Stanford University investigates why and when states delegate governance functions to others—and why the other agrees to take on the responsibilities. A survey of what works in Melanesia points toward potential solutions to promote stability worldwide.
Growing Pains in Latin America: An Economic Growth Framework as Applied to Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Mexico, and Peru
Growing Pains in Latin America lays out and applies a new approach to delivering sustainable, inclusive economic growth to the region.
Pathways Out of Rural Poverty; Or, Food Prices, Poverty and Economic Development, Stanford University (Syllabus)
This course will review the determinants of rural poverty and examine the historical pathways that have led the rural poor out of poverty. A policy perspective will be taken on all three levels of analytical interest: the macro level, the sectoral level, and the household level.
Congressional Testimony: The World Bank’s Disclosure Policy Review and the Role of Democratic Participatory Processes in Achieving Successful Development Outcomes
CGD senior fellow Vijaya Ramachandran testifies before the House Committee on Financial Services about the World Bank’s disclosure policy. Ramachandran urges policymakers to base future capital increases to all of the MDBs on their progress on project evaluation and product innovation.
Skill Flow: A Fundamental Reconsideration of Skilled-Worker Mobility and Development - Working Paper 180
The emigration of skilled workers from developing countries is often referred to as brain drain and considered something that should be limited. In this paper, resident fellow Michael Clemens takes the term to task and shows instead that a more open skill flow—a more accurate and neutral label—would both benefit home countries and guarantee workers the freedom that is the hallmark of development.
Few people doubt that gender inequality influences the spread of HIV/AIDS, yet public health efforts tend to focus on changing individual behavior rather than addressing structural factors—social, economic, physical and political—that influence the spread and effects of HIV and AIDS. This brief shows how three of the biggest donors to global HIV/AIDS programs can go beyond their stated commitments to address gender inequality and more effectively combat HIV and AIDS.
The Illusion of Equality: The Educational Consequences of Blinding Weak States, For Example - Working Paper 178
Efforts to decentralize educational systems often arouse fears that the quality of schooling will become less equal as a result. But what’s the evidence? CGD non-resident fellow Lant Pritchett and co-author Martina Viarengo show in a new CGD working paper that the supposedly greater equality of centralized systems is often little more than the illusion of a bureaucracy blinded to local realities.
Before a 2006 UN Special Session proclaimed there should be universal access to antiretrovirals (ARV), the life-saving drugs were far too expensive for most people with AIDS. In a new CGD working paper, Ethan Kapstein and Josh Busby examine how activists transformed ARVs from expensive private goods into so-called merit goods—products that society agrees should be accessible to all. In a related blog post they discuss the implications of their analysis for AIDS and other global challenges.
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