Ideas to action: independent research for global prosperity
Does SDR Recycling Impair Reserve Management?
November 14, 2023
Improving School Management of Violence in Peru
November 22, 2023
Can Digital G2P Transfers Drive Financial Inclusion and Digital Payments? Evidence from India
June 09, 2022
Does channeling government-to-person (G2P) payments through bank accounts encourage financial inclusion and use? This paper explores the factors that have driven the adoption of digital payments in India by beneficiaries of PMGKY, the large-scale COVID-19 relief program launched in May 2020.
COVID-19 Vaccine Development and Rollout in Historical Perspective
February 09, 2022
This paper explores the historical record in the development and deployment of vaccines globally and puts the COVID-19 vaccine rollout in that context. Although far more can be done and should be done to speed equitable access to vaccines in the COVID-19 response, it is worth noting the revolutionar...
Identifying and Verifying Customers: When are KYC Requirements Likely to Become Constraints on Financial Inclusion?
December 17, 2019
Onerous KYC documentation requirements are widely recognized as a potential constraint to full financial inclusion. However, it is sometimes difficult to judge the extent to which this constraint is a serious or binding one, relative to others. The paper considers this question, distinguishing betwe...
Digital Governance: Is Krishna a Glimpse of the Future? (Working Paper)
June 27, 2019
The state of Andhra Pradesh is recognized as a leader in using technology to improve the delivery of public services, programs and subsidies. This paper reports on research to better understand the functioning and effectiveness of its reforms to strengthen state capacity by digitalizing service deli...
Digital Governance in Developing Countries: Beneficiary Experience and Perceptions of System Reform in Rajasthan, India - Working Paper 489
July 10, 2018
India is at the forefront of the use of digital technology to transform the way in which citizens interact with states. This paper provides a picture of the perceived impact of digitization reforms in Rajasthan, based on a survey of beneficiaries of several benefit programs. We find that, on balance...
Can Africa Be a Manufacturing Destination? Labor Costs in Comparative Perspective - Working Paper 466
October 06, 2017
Our central question is whether African countries can break into global manufacturing in a substantial way. Our results suggest that for any given level of GDP, labor is more costly for firms that are located in Sub-Saharan Africa. However, we also find that there are a few countries in Africa that,...
Biometric Elections in Poor Countries: Wasteful or a Worthwhile Investment? - Working Paper 435
August 15, 2016
Elections have emerged as a leading area for the application of biometric technology in developing countries, despite its high costs and uncertainty over its effectiveness. This paper finds that a reduction in the probability of post-election violence by only a few percentage points could offset the...