Ideas to action: independent research for global prosperity
Women's Underrepresentation in IFI Leadership
November 27, 2023
EU-Africa Strategy: State of Play
November 24, 2023
Phonics and Foreign Aid: Can America Teach the World to Read?
November 20, 2023
Over two decades and dozens of countries, the United States Agency for International Development has refined a package of support for early-grade reading, often referred to as “structured pedagogy”, which includes textbooks, teacher training, coaching, and lesson plans.
How Much Would Reducing Lead Exposure Improve Children’s Learning in the Developing World?
July 30, 2023
Around half of children in low-income countries have elevated blood lead levels. What role does lead play in explaining low educational outcomes in these settings?
The Fiscal Effect of Immigration: Reducing Bias in Influential Estimates
February 21, 2023
Immigration policy can have important net fiscal effects that vary by immigrants’ skill level. But mainstream methods to estimate these effects are problematic. Methods based on cash-flow accounting offer precision at the cost of bias; methods based on general equilibrium modeling address bias with ...
The Effect of Low-Skill Immigration Restrictions on US Firms and Workers: Evidence from a Randomized Lottery
January 23, 2023
The US limits work visas for low-skill jobs outside of agriculture, with a binding quota that firms access via a randomized lottery. We evaluate the marginal impact of the quota on firms entering the 2021 H-2B visa lottery using a novel survey and pre-analysis plan. Firms exogenously authorized to e...
The Economic and Fiscal Effects on the United States from Reduced Numbers of Refugees and Asylum Seekers
March 23, 2022
International migrants who seek protection also participate in the economy. Thus the policy of the United States to drastically reduce refugee and asylum-seeker arrivals from 2017 to 2020 might have substantial and ongoing economic consequences. This paper places conservative bounds on those effects...
The Long-Run Decline of Education Quality in the Developing World
February 23, 2022
We use comparable, survey-based literacy tests for repeated cross-sections of men and women born between 1950 and 2000 to study education outcomes across cohorts in 87 countries. We find that education quality, defined as literacy conditional on completing five years of schooling, stagnated or decli...
Migration on the Rise, a Paradigm in Decline: The Last Half-Century of Global Mobility
January 28, 2022
The past several decades have witnessed a rebirth of global labor mobility. Workers have begun to move between countries at rates not seen since before World War One. During the same period, economists’ study of international migration has been framed by a particular textbook model of location choic...