Ideas to action: independent research for global prosperity
Does SDR Recycling Impair Reserve Management?
November 14, 2023
Improving School Management of Violence in Peru
November 22, 2023
The Political Economy of Pakistan’s Economic Recovery
December 13, 2022
The unprecedented turnout at rallies across Pakistan protesting corruption and poor job prospects underscores the frustration among the rapidly growing middle class with governance failures. Pakistan’s economic growth exceeded India’s for over four decades after its independence in 1947, but since t...
Estimating Japan’s Return on Investment from an Ambitious Program to Incentivize New Antibiotics
December 08, 2022
Drug-resistant infections kill an estimated 23,210 Japanese citizens every year. The government of Japan is considering a program that would provide minimum guaranteed revenue to the successful developers of new antibiotics. We present the results of a modelling exercise to estimate the likely retur...
Contracting Out Schools at Scale: Evidence from Pakistan
September 06, 2022
Can governments contract out school management at scale? In 2016 the Government of Punjab transferred management of over 4,000 failing primary schools to private operators. Schools remained free to students. Private operators received a government subsidy per enrolled student of less than half per-s...
Can Digital G2P Transfers Drive Financial Inclusion and Digital Payments? Evidence from India
June 09, 2022
Does channeling government-to-person (G2P) payments through bank accounts encourage financial inclusion and use? This paper explores the factors that have driven the adoption of digital payments in India by beneficiaries of PMGKY, the large-scale COVID-19 relief program launched in May 2020.
Is Pakistan a Normal Economy?
June 01, 2022
Simon Kuznets’ pathbreaking study of modern economic growth was published in 1966. In it and in preceding monographs he identified the salient characteristics of economic change based on data from national accounts, the construction of which he pioneered.
Crafting the International Response in Afghanistan: Options to Enable Financial Flows and Promote “Beyond-Humanitarian” Aid
May 24, 2022
The first section of this note examines the causes and consequences of Afghanistan’s financial crisis and lays out policy options the international community can support to enable urgent financial flows and restore the basic functioning of the Afghan financial system. The next section examines prosp...
COVID-19, Long-Term Care, and Migration in Asia
May 09, 2022
Countries throughout Asia are experiencing rapidly aging populations and increasing life expectancy, leading to a large and growing demand for long-term care (LTC) services. Despite the shift to providing care within communities and at home, governments are struggling to provide enough LTC to meet d...