Ideas to action: independent research for global prosperity
Refugees and the Education of Host Populations
February 08, 2024
The Responsibility of My Country in an Unjust Global System
February 02, 2024
COVID-19, Long-Term Care, and Migration in Asia
May 09, 2022
Countries throughout Asia are experiencing rapidly aging populations and increasing life expectancy, leading to a large and growing demand for long-term care (LTC) services. Despite the shift to providing care within communities and at home, governments are struggling to provide enough LTC to meet d...
East Asian Cities: Past Development and Onrushing Challenges
March 04, 2022
The East Asian export-led development model has served as a beacon for decades. For the many urbanized and rapidly urbanizing countries, the East Asian experience with and response to emerging challenges can be equally instructive. High-income East Asian economies are at or approaching peak urbaniza...
How Effectively Is the Asian Development Bank Responding to COVID-19? An Early Assessment
August 25, 2021
In 2020, the Asian Development Bank (ADB) joined efforts by other multilateral development banks to rapidly scale up support to developing countries to address COVID-19. Beyond headline numbers, there has been less focus on how ADB’s support was distributed by country income group, sector, modality ...
Binding Constraints on Digital Financial Inclusion in Indonesia: An Analysis Using the Decision Tree Approach
July 28, 2021
Despite the concerted efforts of the Indonesian government to increase financial inclusion and the e-commerce–led growth of digital payment services, a large proportion of the country’s population remains financially excluded. Much of the growth and innovation has mainly benefited those already fina...
Searching for the Binding Constraint to Digital Financial Inclusion in Pakistan: A Decision Tree Approach
July 06, 2021
Over the last decade, Pakistan has seen improvements in the coverage of its networks of bank branches, ATMs, and mobile money agents. However, the country is lagging behind comparator countries when it comes to the financial inclusion of its population; according to the latest estimates, barely 20 p...
COVID-19 in Pakistan: A Phone Survey to Assess Education, Economic, and Health-Related Outcomes
October 15, 2020
Using a phone survey of 1,211 households in Pakistan, we examine the effects of COVID-19 on three key domains: education, economic, and health-related.
Trends in Private Capital Flows to Low-Income Countries: Good and Not-So-Good News
July 24, 2019
Interest in mobilizing private finance for SDG investments is surging in a world of stagnating aid, limited fiscal space, and rising LIC debt. But is more reliance on private finance realistic for LICs? This paper explores the performance since the global financial crisis of one source of private fi...