Ideas to Action:

Independent research for global prosperity



October 15, 2007

Generation of Political Priority for Global Health Initiatives: A Framework and Case Study of Maternal Mortality - Working Paper 129

This week, public health advocates gather in London to mark the 20th anniversary of the global safe motherhood initiative, launched in 1987 to reduce the number of mothers who die or suffer injury giving birth. Despite the advocates' work, the initiative has yet to gain the political traction needed for success. Why? This new working paper by CGD visiting fellow Jeremy Shiffman and Stephanie Smith examine why some global health initiatives, such as HIV/AIDS, become policy priorities while others do not. They find that a problem is more likely to garner attention when political leaders express sustained concern, when the organizations they lead enact policies to address the problem; and when appropriate resources are made available.

October 10, 2007

Following the Funding for HIV/AIDS: A Comparative Analysis of the Funding Practices of PEPFAR, the Global Fund and World Bank MAP in Mozambique, Uganda and Zambia

Donor funding for HIV/AIDS has skyrocketed in the last decade: from US$ 300 million in 1996 to US$ 8.9 billion in 2006. Yet, surprisingly little is known about how this money is spent. Following the Funding for HIV/AIDS, by CGD's HIV/AIDS Monitor team, analyzes the policies and practices of the world's largest AIDS donors—the U.S. President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, and the World Bank's Multi-Country HIV/AIDS Program for Africa (MAP)—as they are applied in three case study countries: Mozambique, Uganda and Zambia. The report urges all three funders to improve country-level coordination, tracking of funds, and the collection and disclosure of data. It also identifies the strengths and shortcomings of each of the funders and offers suggestions for improvement.

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Nandini Oomman , Michael Bernstein and Steven Rosenzweig