There are more schools worldwide than ever before, but are children really learning? Charles Kenny investigates the broken link between schools and learning and suggests some proven methods for improving outcomes in education.
Global Prospects for Utility-Scale Solar Power: Toward Spatially Explicit Modeling of Renewable Energy Systems - Working Paper 235
In this paper Kevin Ummel provides high-resolution estimates of the global potential and cost of solar power technologies while identifying deployment patterns that minimize the cost of greenhouse gas abatement.
Economic growth is one aspect of development; state capability is another. This paper shows that many countries remain in “state capability traps” and suggests ways to sabotage persistent techniques of failure.
Sudan Debt Dynamics: Status Quo, Southern Secession, Debt Division, and Oil—A Financial Framework for the Future - Working Paper 233
In this paper CGD fellow Ben Leo contributes to ongoing discussions about the role of Sudan‘s $35 billion in external debt obligations – both for a unified Sudan and a possible Southern secession.
This paper asks why carbon regulation in the U.S. Congress has failed to pass while the EU has succeeded in implementing carbon regulation.
In this paper Christensen explains that China as an emerging global player and one of Africa’s largest trading and financial partners can no longer ignore the macroeconomic impact of its operations on African economies.
In this paper Gillies discusses the political feasibility and political implications of cash transfers in the specific context of resource-rich states.
The Economics of Population Policy for Carbon Emissions Reduction in Developing Countries - Working Paper 229
CGD fellow David Wheeler explains the role of economics in population policy and how it effects carbon emissions reduction in developing countries.
Where Have All the Donors Gone? Scarce Donor Funding for Non-Communicable Diseases Working Paper 228
Once rich-world woes, non-communicable diseases such as diabetes and cancer account for half the burden of disease in the developing world. Yet Rachel Nugent finds that barely 3 percent of aid and philanthropic spending on health addresses this neglected health crisis.
How Can Donors Create Incentives for Results and Flexibility for Fragile States? A Proposal for IDA - Working Paper 227
This paper offers a proposal to improve performance-based allocation systems of International Development Association (IDA) donors and others to better address the needs of fragile states and better link development allocations with performance.
Can Donors Be Flexible within Restrictive Budget Systems? Options for Innovative Financing Mechanisms - Working Paper 226
This paper focuses on how budgetary scorekeeping systems affect governments’ ability or willingness to support innovative development finance initiatives and explores several options to overcome the restrictions the systems often impose.
When Does Rigorous Impact Evaluation Make a Difference? The Case of the Millennium Villages - Working Paper 225
The authors examine the Millennium Villages Project (MVP), an experimental and intensive package intervention to spark sustained local economic development in rural Africa, to illustrate the benefits of rigorous impact evaluation. Estimates of the project’s effects depend heavily on the evaluation method.
As many countries still lack supply-side capacity to fully participate in trade preference programs, aid-for-trade programs are necessary complements to facilitate capacity building, especially in poorer countries. In this paper, Susan Prowse exams current aid-for-trade delivery mechanisms, what is working, and what is still needed.
The results of a randomized evaluation of a mobile phone education program (Project ABC) in Niger suggest that simple and relatively cheap information and communication technology can serve as an effective and sustainable learning tool for rural populations.
In this working paper, the authors introduce an MDG Progress Index to assess how on or off track countries are toward MDG targets.
This paper argues for approaches that increase public understanding of the need for prudent spending of oil revenues in booms, and for comprehensive consideration of a range of options for using rents. Drawing on the experience of a few successful countries, it points to a number of common factors that seem to be important in enabling countries to obtain a positive payoff from resource wealth. These include a strong concern for social stability and growth, a capable and engaged technocracy, and interests in the non-oil sectors able to act as agents of restraint.
For the first time, the elderly, urban populations, and women of reduced fertility outnumber their counterparts. Joel E. Cohen discusses how changing demographic trends will require a heavier focus on primary and secondary education, reproductive health and demographically sensitive urban planning.
Concentrating Solar Power in China and India: A Spatial Analysis of Technical Potential and the Cost of Deployment - Working Paper 219
While China and India plan to use coal to meet energy demands, Kevin Ummel notes the incredible potential for concentrating solar power (CSP) in the region, using spatial data to identify areas for solar power growth.