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CGD research brings an economic perspective to the global fight against major killers, including HIV, tuberculosis, and malaria. We help governments and international agencies, including the Global Fund, find ways to catalyze development of new, effective drugs, as well as how to make fair decisions about who should get treatment for what disease at what cost—and the implications of those decisions.
In this paper we combine fourteen years of high-resolution satellite data on forest loss with individual-level survey data on malaria in more than 60,000 rural children in 17 countries in Africa, and fever in more than 470,000 rural children in 41 countries in Latin America, Africa, and Asia. We did not find that deforestation increases malaria prevalence nor that intermediate levels of forest cover have higher malaria prevalence.
Deforestation isn’t associated with higher malaria prevalence in children in 17 African countries. Nor is it associated with higher fever in children in 41 countries across Africa, Asia, and Latin America. That’s the surprising conclusion of our new CGD working paper.