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Moving support to developing countries from billions to trillions cannot be done through official grants and lending alone. The bulk of the additional money must come from the private sector. While relatively high yields on projects in developing countries should attract international capital flows, the trends are not positive, and amounts are not at the magnitude needed. MDBs and DFIs are the key intermediaries in accelerating the flow of these funds as they offer to the private sector substantial expertise in finding, framing, financing and evaluating projects in developing countries.
CGD is working with both the private sector financiers and MDB/DFI officials to gather information, formal and informal, to 1) uncover the blockages to increased international capital flows for development; 2) propose concrete changes to MDB/DFI policies and procedures that could facilitate these flows; and 3) open new pathways for the public and private sectors to interact so that private investment in developing countries accelerates.
A key element of the scaling up is how DFIs will use blended finance—traditional market-term financing combined with concessional finance—to speed up investment in riskier projects with more development impact. In this area, the primary questions are:
Each of the G20 summits of the past seven years has suffered in comparison with the London and Pittsburgh Summits of 2009, when the imperative of crisis response motivated leaders, finance ministers, and central bankers to coordinate effectively with each other. Subsequent summits have lacked the same sense of urgency and have failed to deliver any kind of agenda that can be pinpointed as clearly as “saving the global economy.” This week’s summit in Hamburg, Germany promises more of the same, with the real possibility that the G20’s stock could fall even further at the hands of a non-cooperative US delegation.
The World Bank’s soft lending arm for poorer countries, IDA, is busy rolling out a new $2.5 billion Private Sector Window. (See last year’s outline proposal for reference.) Bigger private sectors in IDA countries would be hugely welcome, so there is much to like in the broad thrust of the proposal, as suggested by Nancy Lee. But I’m left a little baffled by the details, and would love some reactions as to what I’m missing.
The budget just released zeroes out the Overseas Private Investment Corporation, the nation’s development finance institution. In an era where many government agencies are under threat, it may not be surprising that OPIC would come under fire. Yet, none of the arguments often used to justify killing off OPIC are logical. Here’s why.
OPIC and CDC are among the largest bilateral development finance institutions (DFIs). They are designed to use their funds to attract more private capital into developing markets through, for example, lending or insuring projects against political risk. CEOs Elizabeth Littlefield and Diana Noble discuss why the DFIs' business model is successful and how their institutions can do more.
In 2016 on the CGD Podcast, we have discussed some of development's biggest questions: How do we pay for development? How do we measure the sustainable development goals (SDGs)? What should we do about refugees and migrants? And is there life yet in the notion of globalism? The links to all the full podcasts featured and the work they reference are below, but in this edition, we bring you highlights of some of those conversations.