Monday, May 23, 2016 - 12:30pm
Economic evaluations are crucial for countries to realize the benefits of universal health coverage. They are one of the best tools governments have to help determine which health technologies and interventions should be covered and which should not, and to ensure they get the most health out of their limited budgets. However, today we see numerous methodologies applied, with varying quality and consistency, making it hard for governments to know which approaches are most accurate and useful.
Thursday, May 19, 2016 - 12:30pm
Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs), which can lead to weight gain, is rising in middle-income countries (MICs) in tandem with the prevalence of obesity. Evidence from high-income countries suggests that taxing sodas may reduce consumption, and governments in many MICs are considering such taxes. In this seminar, Sharon Nakhimovsky and Andrea Feigl will present findings from a systematic review of ten observational studies from Brazil, Ecuador, India, Mexico, Peru, and South Africa that assess post-tax price increases, change in demand for SSBs and other products overall and by socio-economic groups, and the effect of SSB price change on obesity prevalence. The review indicates that price increases from a tax may result in reduced consumption of SSBs. Evidence also suggests a negative relationship between SSB prices and obesity prevalence, after accounting for substitution effects. Based on this analysis, taxes on SSBs may be a promising policy tool for MICs to address rising obesity prevalence.
Tuesday, May 17, 2016 - 11:00am
The refugee crisis emanating from the Syrian conflict has helped to focus policymakers globally on the broader challenges of populations displaced by conflict. In part, humanitarian responses have fallen short in meeting short term crisis needs. But there is also a growing recognition that long term displacement poses challenges that call for a development-oriented response extending beyond crisis measures. As hosts to large displaced populations, developing countries like Jordan, Lebanon, and Kenya have struggled to meet the needs of these populations in a way that also promotes their national development strategies.
Friday, May 13, 2016 - 4:30pm
The rise of digital technology has nurtured a growing industry around the world in financial services that benefit the poor, from mobile payments and money transfers to micro-savings and mobile-based crop insurance. But as the financial landscape evolves to include these disruptive innovations, new players and new business models could bring fresh risks to individual users and to financial systems. So how should policymakers respond?
Tuesday, May 10, 2016 - 4:00pm
The UK tax system offers tax relief for contributions made to private charity. This relief, known as Gift Aid, is somewhat more complex than in other countries. In practice, it can be shown that Gift Aid is economically equivalent to a deduction for gifts made to charity, and that taxable deductions effectively lower the `price’ of giving to charity.
Monday, May 9, 2016 - 5:30pm
Over the past 15 years, people in low- and middle-income countries have experienced a health revolution - one that has created new opportunities and brought new challenges. It is a revolution that keeps mothers and babies alive, helps children grow, and enables adults to thrive.
Friday, April 22, 2016 - 1:30pm
The roundtable event, to be held in Brussels, Belgium, and organised by ECDPM with the Center for Global Development in Europe, will bring together analysts, development finance practitioners, stakeholders from a spectrum of development finance institutions, and policymakers with a durable public and private finance experience for a series of brief, focused presentations and a constructive, curated discussion.
Thursday, April 14, 2016 - 4:00pm
Join us for a special event marking CGD’s 15th anniversary and EBRD’s 25th. EBRD president Sir Suma Chakrabarti will give a major policy speech on the future of multilateral development banking in a changing world, and then discuss the challenges and opportunities for MDBS with CGD president Nancy Birdsall. Directly afterwards, you are also invited to a reception from 5:15 - 7:00 p.m., hosted by EBRD to celebrate the opening of its new office in Washington DC.
Wednesday, April 13, 2016 - 10:00am
Every major donor organization has committed to open their books in terms of how aid is being spent and delivered. The deadline for delivering on these political commitments was December 2015. This joint CGD and Publish What You Fund event will reveal who has delivered on these promises and who has not, with the unveiling of the results of Publish What You Fund’s 2016 Aid Transparency Index, the leading global measure on the state of aid transparency.
Tuesday, April 12, 2016 - 4:00pm
How much energy do the world’s poor need? The current commonly-used definition is a mere 100 kilowatts hours per person per year—or enough to power a single lightbulb for five hours per day and charge a mobile phone. Such a low bar can have profound implications for national targets, for international goals, and on a wide range of critical investment decisions with long-term effects on development. CGD convened the Energy Access Targets Working Group in response to the growing attention to the energy needs of the poor, to the severe gaps in access, and a concern about the specific indicators being used to measure progress. In this report, the Working Group presents five recommendations for a new standard of energy access that would signify meaningful transformation in households and national economies.
Friday, April 8, 2016 - 8:30am
The Washington Area Development Economics Symposium (WADES) is an annual research conference which highlights academic work from researchers at leading economics institutions in development economics in the Washington DC area. Researchers from George Washington University, University of Maryland, Georgetown University, Johns Hopkins University, University of Virginia, the World Bank, the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), American University, George Mason University, and the Center for Global Development are all participants in the symposium.
Tuesday, April 5, 2016 - 4:00pm
Over the past 15 years, people in low- and middle-income countries have experienced a health revolution—one that has created new opportunities and brought new challenges. It is a revolution that keeps mothers and babies alive, helps children grow, and enables adults to thrive. Millions Saved, authored by Amanda Glassman and Miriam Temin with the Millions Saved team, chronicles this global health revolution from the ground up. It showcases 18 remarkable cases in which large-scale efforts to improve health in developing countries succeeded and 4 cases in which promising interventions fell short of their health targets when scaled-up. Each case demonstrates how much effort is required to fight illness and sustain good health.
Tuesday, April 5, 2016 - 10:30am
The new government in Buenos Aires has taken quick steps that send a strong message to the world: Argentina wants to open its markets. President Mauricio Macri’s moves to ease market distortions caused by currency controls, trade taxes, and a lack of international financing, have greatly improved local and international expectations about the country's future. However, history shows that the road to a more market-friendly economy can be rocky. Moreover, the challenges can be monumental under small fiscal space, as the recent experience in Brazil demonstrates.
Thursday, March 24, 2016 - 4:00pm
The rise of digital technology has nurtured a growing industry in financial services that benefit the poor, from mobile payments and money transfers to micro-savings and mobile-based crop insurance. But as the financial landscape evolves to include these disruptive innovations, new players and new business models could bring fresh risks to individual users and to financial systems. So how should policymakers respond?
Thursday, March 24, 2016 - 12:30pm
Stitches to Riches is motivated by South Asia’s urgent need to create more and better jobs for a growing population. This book investigates the region’s potential for expanding and improving jobs in the labor-intensive apparel sector. It estimates the effects of rising wages in China on apparel exports, employment, and wages in South Asia, and provides policy recommendations to leverage the sector for greater job creation.
Tuesday, March 22, 2016 - 1:00pm
Neglected diseases continue to affect over a billion people worldwide and effective treatments and diagnostics are scarce. Yet research and development (R&D) for products to prevent and treat these diseases tend to be underfunded. A major barrier, particularly for pharmaceutical companies, is a lack of economic incentives to justify R&D. So how can we make the investment case and incentives for industry engagement stronger?
Wednesday, March 16, 2016 - 1:15pm
How can development practitioners best contribute to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)? What approaches are most effective in promoting gender equality and social inclusion? The adoption of the SDGs is an opportune time to discuss lessons learned and promising pathways forward. The event will discuss SDG 5 (focused on gender equality) and how gender equality objectives impact the achievement of other critical SDGs.
Tuesday, March 15, 2016 - 12:30pm
Tobacco taxes are widely regarded as one of the most effective policy tools available for limiting the accessibility and availability of tobacco. Raising tobacco taxes has also been deemed the single most cost-effective way to save lives in developing countries. For China, which is home to roughly one-third of the world’s 820 million male smokers, the need for such a mechanism is dire. But do the gains in health and revenues raised from tobacco taxes outweigh the costs to households, especially poor ones?