Ideas to Action:

Independent research for global prosperity

Events

Each year the Center for Global Development hosts more than 80 public and invitation-only events. These events range from private roundtables to small seminars to book launches and other large public forums. The Center continues to host two popular on-going event series, the CGD Invited Research Forum (formerly the Massachusetts Avenue Development Seminars) and Global Development Matters, our summer movie night series. If you would like more information about CGD events or are interested in renting our conference space, please send us an e-mail. You can subscribe to an RSS feed of upcoming events, and view our event photo archives on flickr.

The Pace of Poverty Reduction

9/24/14

How much can poverty be reduced by growth and how much by redistribution? Existing analyses of that question have been limited by inaccurate estimates of current and forecasted poverty rates, based on excessive optimism regarding the impact of growth on poverty in richer countries. Richard Bluhm will discuss a new framework for estimating and projecting poverty rates based on two new papers coauthored with Denis de Crombrugghe and Adam Szirmai.

The two papers highlight four key findings. First, the new modeling approach reveals that the relationship between average incomes and poverty is considerably weaker in richer regions and stronger in poorer regions than previous studies suggest. Second, the findings imply a much larger role of inequality in driving poverty rates. Third, the projections show that the pace of $1.25-a-day poverty reduction will slow down. Optimistic scenarios suggest a poverty rate of 8–9 percent in 2030, far short of the World Bank’s new target of 3 percent by 2030. Finally, rapid progress of $2-a-day poverty reduction will likely be maintained, with an additional one billion people crossing that line by 2030.

The Impact of Secondary Schooling in Kenya: A Regression Discontinuity Analysis

9/25/14

How does secondary schooling impact young adults in Kenya? In his new paper, Owen Ozier estimates the effects of secondary schooling on human capital, occupational choice, and fertility for young adults in Kenya. Using a regression discontinuity framework, he finds that the probability of admission to government secondary school rises sharply at a score close to the national mean on a standardized 8th grade examination. He combines administrative test score data with a recent survey of young adults to estimate these effects.

His results show that secondary schooling has an impact on all three areas mentioned. Secondary schooling increases human capital, as measured by performance on cognitive tests included in the survey. He also finds a drop in the probability of low-skill self-employment as well as suggestive evidence of a rise in the probability of formal employment for men, and a reduced rate of teen pregnancy among women.

*Following the move to our new home, CGD has renamed the Massachusetts Avenue Development Seminar series the CGD Invited Research Forum. Now in its thirteenth year, the series brings some of the world's leading development scholars to discuss their new research and ideas. The presentations meet an academic standard of quality and are at times technical, but retain a focus on a mixed audience of researchers and policymakers. For more on the history of the series, check out this blog by Michael Clemens.

Guns, Drugs, and Military Aid: Exploring Unintended Effects of US Policy in Latin America

9/26/14

The last ten years have seen escalating violence south of the US border. The violence manifests in different forms and intensity levels, and affects Mexico, Central America, and several countries in South America. Politicians and pundits debate the appropriate role for US policy in combating this trend, but data-driven research is scarce and many questions remain. What do leading academic researchers find about the effects of US policy on violence in Latin America and the indirect effects of US efforts to combat arms and drug trafficking on public health, migration, public security, and development? What do researchers know that policymakers should know, and what priorities should drive future research aimed at informing policy decisions?

To address these questions, the Center for Global Development has created the Beyond the Fence Study Group . Beyond the Fence includes many of the preeminent scholars investigating the relationship between drugs, crime, violence, trade, and migration. The panelists will discuss ongoing, leading-edge research on the ripple effects of US policy in Latin America, key findings from this work, and point to areas where future research is needed. After a brief, moderated discussion, the panelists will field questions from the audience. Registration begins at 12:00 p.m. and a light lunch will be provided.

Hospitals for Health: Consultation Session

9/30/14

Despite their centrality to health systems, hospital policy and performance in low- and middle-income countries has largely been neglected by health policymakers and the development community. This session will introduce for the first time a proposed Collaborative for Hospital Performance in Emerging Economies, which aims to improve the performance of hospitals in emerging markets and promote their integration in the broader health delivery system. Discussants will briefly explain the concept and underlying research, and solicit input from participants. The session welcomes a diverse audience including researchers, private sector stakeholders, hospital managers, practitioners and policy makers, particularly from low- and middle-income countries.

Generating Accountability for People-Centered Health Systems: Strategies and Lessons from Think Tanks

10/2/14

Independent policy research organizations – or think tanks – play a potentially important role in translating evidence to action, lending both technical expertise and an objective evidence base to help strengthen policy behind people-centered health systems in the developing world. This panel will highlight successful and less successful efforts by think tanks around the world to bridge the gap between health systems research and policy impact, with emphasis on tried and tested strategies as well as “bloopers” that unite researchers, activists, practitioners and policy-makers and can be utilized in a variety of settings. Panelists will describe a specific experience and debate the issues related to driving a research agenda from concept to conclusion to policy impact, highlighting what worked – and what didn’t – along the way.

India’s Achilles' Heel: Failure to Deliver Public Services

10/2/14

India's inability to deliver public services remains its Achilles’ heel. Without a solution to this critical weakness, India's aspiration to be a global economic power will remain unrealized. Why is this problem so particularly acute in India? Is it political interference and corruption, poorly designed programs, weak administration, and over-centralization, or is it a much deeper cultural problem of aversion to collective action?

What does the empirical evidence tell us? What are the examples of successful experiments within India of effective service delivery and what lessons can be drawn from these? What can India learn from other countries? Ajay Chhibber will draw on these questions to explore directions for change so that India can deliver.