During the Fourth High Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness in Busan, CGD, in collaboration with a group of donor agencies, organized a side event about results-based approaches to aid. Nancy Birdsall moderated the event and presented examples of various approaches being explored, and a distinguished group of speakers spoke about their experiences with pilot programs. The event featured Andrew Mitchell, Secretary of State for International Development, UK; Erik Solheim, Minister for Environment and Development Cooperation, Norway; Charlotte Petri Gornitzka, the director general of the Swedish International Development Agency; and Andris Piebalgs, the European Commissioner for Development, with additional contributions by Mamadou Biteye of Oxfam Great Britain, Joachim von Amsberg of the World Bank, and Owen Barder of CGD. Speakers emphasized that results-based aid allows recipient country governments to define the results they want to achieve, and also offers advantages for donor country taxpayers. Questions from participants related to the level of risk borne by recipient countries, as well as the need for efforts to ensure that a results-based approach does not mean a focus on those things that are easiest to measure.
CGD released a working paper by Bill Savedoff and Katherine Douglas Martel that examines the challenges of applying COD Aid to health. The paper considers 10 indicators related to reducing child mortality, maternal mortality, and the prevalence of malaria and HIV/AIDS. It discusses how each indicator could be used in a COD Aid agreement.
A new CGD working paper by David Wheeler, Dan Hammer, and Robin Kraft illustrates how an incentive system could rapidly reduce forest clearing in tropical countries. The paper proposes a Tropical Forest Protection Fund that would take advantage of the FORMA (Forest Monitoring for Action) database to provide independent verification of results, upon which payments would be made, following the COD Aid model.
Foreign Policy ranked Nancy Birdsall as one of the top 100 global thinkers of 2011, for offering an answer to complaints about the foreign aid system. In claiming that COD ‘now has a chance to deliver’ they outline how COD Aid works and mention pilot programs in Ethiopia and India, sponsored by Britain’s Department for International Development.