Events

Each year the Center for Global Development hosts more than 80 public and invitation-only events. These events range from private roundtables to small seminars to book launches and other large public forums. The Center continues to host two popular on-going event series, the CGD Invited Research Forum (formerly the Massachusetts Avenue Development Seminars) and Global Development Matters, our summer movie night series. If you would like more information about CGD events or are interested in renting our conference space, please send us an e-mail. You can subscribe to an RSS feed of upcoming events, and view our event photo archives on flickr.

Health-Wealth Trade-offs: Effects of Mineral Mining in Developing Countries

12/18/14

Please join us for a brown-bag lunch event featuring Jan von der Goltz’s presentation of his recent paper with Prabhat Barnwal assessing the health and wealth effects of mines on nearby communities. Their paper is the first extensive analysis to use microdata from communities near about 800 mineral mines in 44 developing countries. The authors find that mining communities enjoy a substantial medium-term rise in asset wealth, but encounter substantial health trade-offs: a ten percentage point increase in anemia among adult women and a five percentage point increase in the prevalence of stunting in young children.

Von der Goltz and Barnwal’s research is consistent with prior evidence linking the health impacts of mines to metal toxicity and, in particular, exposure to high levels of lead. Their assessment finds health impacts only near mines of a type where metal pollution is to be expected, and it finds no systematic evidence of health effects that are not associated with exposure to metal pollution. Both the wealth benefits and health costs are strongly concentrated in the immediate vicinity (≤ 5km) of a mine. To demonstrate that the observed health impacts are due to pollution, they developed three difference-in-difference tests tailored to the known association of certain mine types with heavy metal pollution, and to the pathophysiology of lead toxicity. The results add much needed data to the literature on health impacts near industrial operations in developing countries.

CGD Europe Sandwich Seminar With Chris Blattman: More Sweatshops For Africa?

1/26/15

 

Chances are that your favorite gadget or garment was made by someone in a developing country. Many of these people work in factories with low pay and poor working conditions, but some argue that these jobs can provide a more stable and secure income than the alternatives, such as subsistence agriculture. To pick apart these questions, Chris Blattman, non-resident fellow at CGD and co-author Stefan Dercon coordinated with a number of manufacturing firms in Ethiopia, each of which had more applicants for jobs than they had positions. In order to examine the impact of gaining access to a factory job, they used a lottery to randomly influence which of the applicants were hired, allowing them to study how the lives of those who worked in the factories changed over time, not only in terms of income and wealth but also across other metrics such as happiness.

However, in addition to comparing factory employment to a control group, the experiment also had another treatment aimed at fostering productive self-employment. Those in this second treatment group were given intensive business skills training and several hundred dollars in cash to start an enterprise of their choosing. In the first of this year's CGD Europe Sandwich Seminars, Professor Blattman will present preliminary evidence from the experiment, revealing how, across a variety of different measures of welfare, factory employment stacks up against promoting self-employed work.

The CGD Europe Sandwich Seminars are a series that brings some of the world'¬Ěs leading development scholars to discuss their new research and ideas. The presentations aim to meet an academic standard of quality and are at times technical, and retain a focus on a mixed audience of researchers and policymakers.