Advancing gender equality drives tremendous gains in health, education, employment, and improved livelihoods for individuals and communities. CGD’s research on gender and development is focused on how rich countries and institutions can help create conditions for women and girls in low- and middle-income countries to thrive, with special emphasis on barriers to women and girls’ security and equal participation in the economy, politics, and society at large.


Cash on Delivery is a new approach to foreign aid that focuses on results, encourages innovation, and strengthens government accountability to citizens rather than donors. Under COD Aid, donors pay for measurable and verifiable progress on specific outcomes.

Despite great progress around the world in getting more kids into schools, too many leave without even the most basic skills. In this book, Lant Pritchett shows that the solution is to allow functional systems to evolve locally out of an environment pressured for success.