Vijaya Ramachandran is a senior fellow at the Center for Global Development. She works on private-sector development, food security, humanitarian assistance, and development interventions in fragile states. Most recently, she coauthored an essay titled "Development as Diffusion: Manufacturing Productivity and Africa's Missing Middle," to be published in the Oxford Handbook on Economics and Africa. Currently, she is looking at the impact of regulatory reform on investment, and at better ways to deliver humanitarian assistance in the aftermath of natural disasters. Prior to joining CGD, Ramachandran served on the faculty at Georgetown University and also worked in the Africa Private Sector Group of the World Bank and in the Executive Office of the Secretary-General of the United Nations. Her work has appeared in several media outlets including the Financial Times, the Guardian, the Washington Post, the New York Times, National Public Radio, Voice of America, and the Economist. Vijaya Ramachandran earned her BA magna cum laude, MA and PhD in Business Economics from Harvard University.