Aid Effectiveness


CGD’s research on aid effectiveness focuses on the policies and practices of bilateral and multilateral donors. The Center’s researchers analyze existing programs, monitor donor innovations, and design innovative approaches to deliver more effective aid. CGD research also provides insight into how policies ranging from trade to migration to investment undermine or complement foreign aid policies. 


Cash on Delivery is a new approach to foreign aid that focuses on results, encourages innovation, and strengthens government accountability to citizens rather than donors. Under COD Aid, donors pay for measurable and verifiable progress on specific outcomes.

QuODA assesses the official development assistance (ODA) of 35 donor countries and more than 100 aid agencies on four dimensions of what constitutes high-quality aid: maximizing efficiency, fostering institutions, reducing burden, and transparency and learning.

The Commitment to Development Index ranks 27 of the world’s richest countries on policies that affect the more than five billion people living in poorer nations. Those policies extend well beyond giving foreign aid, which is just one of seven components on the CDI.

DIBs provide development programs with upfront funding from private investors, who are remunerated by donors or host-country governments — and earn a return — if evidence shows that the programs achieve pre-agreed outcomes.

Rethinking US Development Policy seeks to broaden the US government’s approach to development while strengthening existing foreign assistance tools. It is backed by rigorous research and analysis of investment, trade, technology, and foreign assistance related issues.