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Featuring Dani Rodrik
Albert O. Hirschman Professor of Social Science
Institute for Advanced Study
Dani Rodrik was featured speaker of CGD’s ninth annual Richard H. Sabot Lecture honoring the life and work of Richard “Dick” Sabot, a friend, co-author, and founding member of CGD's board of directors.
Rodrik is the Albert O. Hirschman Professor of Social Science at the Institute for Advanced Study. Previously, he was the Rafiq Hariri Professor of International Political Economy at the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University. Rodrik was awarded the inaugural Albert O. Hirschman Prize of the Social Science Research Council in 2007 as well as the Leontief Award for Advancing the Frontiers of Economic Thought. His 1997 book Has Globalization Gone Too Far? was called “one of the most important economics books of the decade.”
Analysts agree that industrialization and diversification away from traditional products have been critical in Asian and other growth miracles. Africa, by contrast, has recently experienced significant growth in GDP and overall productivity despite advancing little on these fronts. Rodrik’s lecture examined recent research in growth economics that emphasizes economic dualism and the role of structural change in fostering rapid economic growth, and asked the question “can Africa’s growth be sustained or is a different growth model needed?”
CGD president Nancy Birdsall hosted this event and served as moderator for the discussion following the talk.
How are beliefs about gender differences formed, and how do they affect children’s aspirations and academic performance? In this talk, Alex Eble will discuss recent work (co-authored with Feng Hu of the University of Science and Technology Beijing) on perceived gender gaps in mathematics in Chinese middle schools.
In a recent paper, Kate Ambler and coauthors studied the impact of one-season cash transfers for agricultural investment in Senegal and Malawi, using data from a randomized control trial (RCT) in each country. They found evidence that transfers reduced both the number of decision makers and female decision making in Senegal in the short-run, particularly for measures directly related to agriculture. However, the effects disappeared two years after the transfers. Conversely, the authors find transfers in the Malawi program led to robust transitory increases in these measures, seeing a greater impact related to the number of decision makers in the household persisting after two year period. Join us for the latest CGD Invited Research Forum to discuss these opposing findings on the effects of cash transfers on household decision making.
Indian agriculture remains vulnerable to the vagaries of weather, and the looming threat of climate change may expose this vulnerability further. Using district-level data on temperature, rainfall and crop production, Siddharth Hari’s paper first documents a long-term trend of rising temperatures, declining average precipitation and increase in extreme precipitation events. One key finding is that the impact of temperature and rainfall are felt only in the extreme: when temperatures are much higher, rainfall is significantly lower, and the number of “dry days” greater is than normal. He also finds that these impacts are significantly more adverse in unirrigated areas (and hence rainfed crops) compared to irrigated areas. Can policy makers react to the challenges of climate change and find ways to get “more crop for every drop?"