Identification as a National Priority: The Unique Case of Peru - Working Paper 454

William Reuben
Flávia Carbonari
May 09, 2017

Peru is a remarkable example of a country that established civil identification as a national priority in response to the need to re-integrate the state after a serious insurgency.  It has built one of the strongest and most inclusive national ID programs in the world, including for children. The approach has combined the creation of an autonomous civil registration and identification agency and the use of performance-based financing to expand coverage to poor, remote, communities and to help integrate civil registration with the national ID. It offers lessons for many countries struggling to achieve SDG 16.9 to provide legal identity to all by 2030, including birth registration.

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