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Privatization is contentious, especially when it touches water, electricity and transportation. Privatization impresses most economists and many policy makers, but the wider public fears that it raises prices, creates unemployment and hands over national assets to local elites, corrupt politicians, and foreign corporations. It may be good for the "economy"; it doesn't seem so for people. While the debate has been heated, the social consequences of privatization have not, to date, been extensively studied. From all sides of the debate, assertions and polemics rule the day.
The Center for Global Development, in conjunction with the Inter-American Development Bank, and with generous support from the Tinker Foundation and the Asian Development Bank, examined the impacts of privatization on the poor. Initial findings were presented in a two-day conference in Washington, on February 24-25, 2003. The conference commissioned case studies on Distributional impact of privatization in Bolivia, China, Georgia, Mexico, Russia, Sri Lanka and Ukraine, and offered a venue to similar work conducted in Latin America by the IADB.
Forthcoming paper on privatization's impact in Georgia Presented by Ambassador Kenneth Yalowitz, American and Georgetown Universities, based on a study by Roman Gotsiridze, Director of the Parliamentary Budget Office, Tblisi (Georgia)
Concluding remarks from Navroz Dubash, World Resources Institute, Washington, DC; Stan Gacek, AFL-CIO; Elizabeth Williamson, The Washington Post; and Nancy Birdsall, President of the Center for Global Development
Now in its 4th year, the AIDF Africa Summit returns to Nairobi, Kenya on 26-27 February 2019, once again uniting 300+ humanitarian and development leaders, decision makers and advisors committed to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in the region.
Indian agriculture remains vulnerable to the vagaries of weather, and the looming threat of climate change may expose this vulnerability further. Using district-level data on temperature, rainfall and crop production, Siddharth Hari’s paper first documents a long-term trend of rising temperatures, declining average precipitation and increase in extreme precipitation events. One key finding is that the impact of temperature and rainfall are felt only in the extreme: when temperatures are much higher, rainfall is significantly lower, and the number of “dry days” greater is than normal. He also finds that these impacts are significantly more adverse in unirrigated areas (and hence rainfed crops) compared to irrigated areas. Can policy makers react to the challenges of climate change and find ways to get “more crop for every drop?"
Estimating intergenerational mobility in developing countries is difficult because matched parent-child income records are rarely available and education is measured very coarsely. In particular, there are no established methods for comparing educational mobility for subsamples of the population when the education distribution is changing over time.
In their recent paper, Sam Asher and coauthors present new methods and new administrative data to overcome this gap, and study intergenerational mobility across groups and across space in India. They find that the intergenerational mobility for the population as a whole has remained constant since liberalization, but cross-group changes have been substantial. Rising mobility among historically marginalized "Scheduled Castes" is almost exactly offset by declining intergenerational mobility among Muslims, a comparably sized group that has few constitutional protections. These findings contest the conventional wisdom that marginalized groups in India have been catching up on average. The paper also explores heterogeneity across space, generating the first high-resolution geographic measures of intergenerational mobility across India, with results across 5600 rural subdistricts and 2300 cities and towns.
AidEx is a two day event, which encompasses a conference, exhibition, meeting areas, awards and workshops. Its fundamental aim is to engage the sector at every level and provide a forum for aid & development professionals to meet, source, supply and learn. AidEx was created to help the international aid and development community engage the private sector in a neutral setting, drive innovation and support the ever-growing need for emergency aid and development programmes.