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President, Global Policy & Advocacy, and Chief Strategy Officer, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
President, Center for Global Development
Chief Operating Officer and Senior Fellow, Center for Global Development
Antoinette Monsio Sayeh
Former Director, African Department, IMF and Former Finance Minister, Liberia
Vice President of Communications and Policy Outreach, Center for Global Development
In the current political and economic climate, donor governments are under pressure to reduce and spend foreign aid budgets as efficiently and effectively as possible.
Aid remains a critical driver of progress. Yet at the same time, aid is increasingly NOT how the world pays for development; even the annual total of around $160 billion in overseas development assistance (ODA) represents a small and declining share of all global development finance. Private investment flows and developing countries' own public resources dwarf ODA. And while organizations like the World Bank and the UN still have top billing, commitment to their core missions appears to be weakening and regional alternatives are on the rise.
Given these considerations, what is the future of development finance?
Following opening remarks, Mark Suzman, President, Global Policy & Advocacy and Chief Strategy Officer at the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, will join CGD president Masood Ahmed and CGD fellows Amanda Glassman and Antoinette Sayeh for a discussion on what aid is achieving, how governments can prioritize aid spending by focusing on what works, how to make the full set of funding options work better together for development, and what happens if donor governments' generosity dries up.
Global growth is expected to slow down over the next two years. Trade and investment flows are likely to be more moderate and access to finance more difficult. Risks to the global economic outlook include greater volatility in financial markets, trade tensions, and heightened policy uncertainty.
Now in its 4th year, the AIDF Africa Summit returns to Nairobi, Kenya on 26-27 February 2019, once again uniting 300+ humanitarian and development leaders, decision makers and advisors committed to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in the region.
Estimating intergenerational mobility in developing countries is difficult because matched parent-child income records are rarely available and education is measured very coarsely. In particular, there are no established methods for comparing educational mobility for subsamples of the population when the education distribution is changing over time.
In their recent paper, Sam Asher and coauthors present new methods and new administrative data to overcome this gap, and study intergenerational mobility across groups and across space in India. They find that the intergenerational mobility for the population as a whole has remained constant since liberalization, but cross-group changes have been substantial. Rising mobility among historically marginalized "Scheduled Castes" is almost exactly offset by declining intergenerational mobility among Muslims, a comparably sized group that has few constitutional protections. These findings contest the conventional wisdom that marginalized groups in India have been catching up on average. The paper also explores heterogeneity across space, generating the first high-resolution geographic measures of intergenerational mobility across India, with results across 5600 rural subdistricts and 2300 cities and towns.
AidEx is a two day event, which encompasses a conference, exhibition, meeting areas, awards and workshops. Its fundamental aim is to engage the sector at every level and provide a forum for aid & development professionals to meet, source, supply and learn. AidEx was created to help the international aid and development community engage the private sector in a neutral setting, drive innovation and support the ever-growing need for emergency aid and development programmes.
Over 1 billion women lack access to financial services due to economic and social barriers, time and mobility constraints, and discrimination Financial services delivered digitally can address these barriers. Closing the global gender gap in access to finance provides an opportunity for the private sector to reach an untapped and profitable market, and provides governments with an opportunity to better reach their constituents. This event looks at the recent evidence on which emerging technologies empower women economically, as well as the importance of cross-sectoral partnership and women’s entrepreneurship in sub-Saharan Africa.
The Center for Global Development, TechnoServe, and the World Bank are pleased to co-host this event in Dar es Salaam. We are committed to finding what works to promote women’s financial inclusion and are conducting innovative research on the potential of digital technologies. This event will launch new research on this topic and bring together leaders in the government and the private sector with experts in finance, development, and technology to have critical conversations on closing the financial gender gap. We hope you can join us.
With the goal of driving down drug costs, governments across the globe have instituted various forms of pharmaceutical price control policies. Understanding the impacts of such policies is particularly important in low- and middle-income countries, where lack of insurance coverage means that prices can serve as a barrier to access for patients and lack of effective quality control may allow for low-quality medicines in the market. In her paper, Emma Boswell Dean examines the theoretical effects of price controls in such markets and then measures the empirical effects of one implementation of pharmaceutical price controls, in which the Indian government placed price ceilings on a set of essential medicines.