Commitment to Equity Working Paper Series

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WORKING PAPER NO. 1
Lustig, Nora and Sean Higgins. 2013. Commitment to Equity Assessment (CEQ): Estimating the Incidence of Social Spending, Subsidies and Taxes. Handbook. CEQ Working Paper No. 1, Center for Inter-American Policy and Research and Department of Economics, Tulane University and Inter-American Dialogue, September.

WORKING PAPER NO. 2
Lustig, Nora. 2013. Commitment to Equity: Diagnostic Questionnaire. CEQ Working Paper No. 2, Center for Inter-American Policy and Research and Department of Economics, Tulane University and Inter-American Dialogue, January.

WORKING PAPER NO. 3
Lustig, Nora and George Gray Molina, Sean Higgins, Miguel Jaramillo, Wilson Jiménez, Veronica Paz, Claudiney Pereira, Carola Pessino, John Scott, and Ernesto Yañez. 2012. The Impact of Taxes and Social Spending on Inequality and Poverty in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Mexico and Peru: A Synthesis of Results. CEQ Working Paper No. 3, Center for Inter-American Policy and Research and Department of Economics, Tulane University and Inter-American Dialogue, August.

WORKING PAPER NO. 4: REVISED AS CEQ WP 33
Lustig, Nora and Sean Higgins. 2013. Fiscal Incidence, Fiscal Mobility and the Poor: A New Approach. CEQ Working Paper No. 4, Center for Inter-American Policy and Research and Department of Economics, Tulane University and Inter-American Dialogue, January.

WORKING PAPER NO. 5
Lustig, Nora and Carola Pessino. 2013. Social Spending and Income Redistribution in Argentina in the 2000s: the Rising Role of Noncontributory Pensions. CEQ Working Paper No. 5, Center for Inter-American Policy and Research and Department of Economics, Tulane University and Inter-American Dialogue, REVISED August 2013.

WORKING PAPER NO. 6
Paz Arauco, Verónica, George Gray Molina, Wilson Jiménez Pozo, and Ernesto Yáñez Aguilar. 2013. Explaining Low Redistributive Impact in Bolivia. CEQ Working Paper No. 6, Center for Inter-American Policy and Research and Department of Economics, Tulane University and Inter-American Dialogue, REVISED April.

WORKING PAPER NO. 7
Higgins, Sean and Claudiney Pereira. 2013. The Effects of Brazil’s High Taxation and Social Spending on the Distribution of Household Income. CEQ Working Paper No. 7, Center for Inter-American Policy and Research and Department of Economics, Tulane University and Inter-American Dialogue, REVISED May 2013.

WORKING PAPER NO. 8
Scott, John. 2013. Redistributive Impact and Efficiency of Mexico’s Fiscal System. CEQ Working Paper No. 8, Center for Inter-American Policy and Research and Department of Economics, Tulane University and Inter-American Dialogue, REVISED July 2013.

WORKING PAPER NO. 9
Jaramillo Baanante, Miguel. 2013. The Incidence of Social Spending and Taxes in Peru. CEQ Working Paper No. 9, Center for Inter-American Policy and Research and Department of Economics, Tulane University and Inter-American Dialogue, REVISED May 2013.

WORKING PAPER NO. 10
Bucheli, Marisa and Nora Lustig, Máximo Rossi and Florencia Amábile. 2013. Social Spending, Taxes, and Income Redistribution in Uruguay. CEQ Working Paper No. 10, Center for Inter-American Policy and Research and Department of Economics, Tulane University and Inter-American Dialogue, REVISED July 2013.

WORKING PAPER NO. 11
Higgins, Sean and Nora Lustig, Julio Ramirez and Billy Swanson. 2013. Social Spending, Taxes and Income Redistribution in Paraguay. CEQ Working Paper No. 11, Center for Inter-American Policy and Research and Department of Economics, Tulane University and Inter-American Dialogue, November.

WORKING PAPER NO. 12
Alvaredo, Facundo and Juliana Londoño Vélez. 2013. High Incomes and Personal Taxation in a Developing Economy: Colombia 1993-2010. CEQ Working Paper No. 12, Center for Inter-American Policy and Research and Department of Economics, Tulane University and Inter-American Dialogue, March.

WORKING PAPER NO. 13
Lustig, Nora, and Carola Pessino and John Scott. 2013. The Impact of Taxes and Social Spending on Inequality and Poverty in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Mexico, Peru and Uruguay: An Overview. CEQ Working Paper No. 13, Center for Inter-American Policy and Research and Department of Economics, Tulane University and Inter-American Dialogue, REVISED August 2013.

WORKING PAPER NO. 13 (Spanish)
Lustig, Nora, and Carola Pessino and John Scott. 2014. El Impacto del Sistema Tributario y del Gasto Social sobre la Desigualdad y la Pobreza en Argentina, Bolivia, Brasil, México, Perú y Uruguay: un Panorama General. CEQ Working Paper No. 13, Center for Inter-American Policy and Research and Department of Economics, Tulane University and Inter-American Dialogue, December.

WORKING PAPER NO. 14: REVISED AS CEQ WP 33
Higgins, Sean and Nora Lustig. 2013. Measuring Impoverishment: An Overlooked Dimension of Fiscal Incidence. CEQ Working Paper No. 14, Center for Inter-American Policy and Research and Department of Economics, Tulane University and Inter-American Dialogue, April.

WORKING PAPER NO. 15
Tanzi, Vito. 2013. Tax Reform in Latin America: A long term assessment. CEQ Working Paper No. 15, Center for Inter-American Policy and Research and Department of Economics, Tulane University and Inter-American Dialogue, April.

WORKING PAPER NO. 16
Higgins, Sean, Nora Lustig, Whitney Ruble and Tim Smeeding. 2013. Comparing the Incidence of Taxes and Social Spending in Brazil and the United States. CEQ Working Paper No. 16, Center for Inter-American Policy and Research and Department of Economics, Tulane University and Inter-American Dialogue, November. 

WORKING PAPER NO. 17
López-Calva, Luis F., Nora Lustig, John Scott y Andrés Castañeda. 2014.  Gasto social, redistribución del ingreso y reducción de la pobreza en México: evolución y comparación con Argentina, Brasil y Uruguay. CEQ Working Paper No. 17, Center for Inter-American Policy and Research and Department of Economics, Tulane University and Inter-American Dialogue, REVISED March.

WORKING PAPER NO. 18 (Spanish)
Sauma, Juan Diego Trejos. 2014.  Gasto público social, impuestos, redistribución del ingreso y pobreza en Costa Rica. CEQ Working Paper No. 18, Center for Inter-American Policy and Research and Department of Economics, Tulane University and Inter-American Dialogue, January.

WORKING PAPER NO. 18 (English)
Sauma, Juan Diego Trejos. 2014.  Social Public Spending, Taxes, Redistribution of Income, and Poverty in Costa. CEQ Working Paper No. 18, Center for Inter-American Policy and Research and Department of Economics, Tulane University and Inter-American Dialogue, January.

WORKING PAPER NO. 19
Bucheli, Marisa, Máximo Rossi and Florencia Amábile. 2015. Inequality and Poverty in Uruguay by Race: The Impact of Fiscal Policies. CEQ Working Paper No. 19, Center for Inter-American Policy and Research and Department of Economics, Tulane University and Inter-American Dialogue, REVISED February.

WORKING PAPER NO. 20
Cabrera, Maynor, Nora Lustig and Hilcías Morán. 2014. Fiscal Policy, Inequality and the Ethnic Divide in Guatemala. CEQ Working Paper No. 20, Center for Inter-American Policy and Research and Department of Economics, Tulane University and Inter-American Dialogue, October. 

WORKING PAPER NO. 21
Burdín, Gabriel, Fernando Esponda, and Andrea Vigorito. 2014. Inequality and top incomes in Uruguay: a comparison between household surveys and income tax micro-data. CEQ Working Paper No. 21, Center for Inter-American Policy and Research and Department of Economics, Tulane University and Inter-American Dialogue, May.

WORKING PAPER NO. 22
Lustig, Nora. 2015. Fiscal policy and ethno-racial inequality in Bolivia, Brazil, Guatemala and Uruguay. CEQ Working Paper No. 22, Center for Inter-American Policy and Research and Department of Economics, Tulane University and Inter-American Dialogue, January. 

WORKING PAPER NO. 23
Lustig, Nora. 2016. Fiscal Policy, Inequality and the Poor in the Developing World. CEQ Working Paper No. 23, Commitment to Equity Institute, Tulane University, October. 

WORKING PAPER NO. 25
Enami, Ali, Nora Lustig and Rodrigo Aranda. 2016. Analytical Foundations: Measuring the Redistributive Impact of Taxes and Transfers. CEQ Working Paper No. 25, Commitment to Equity Institute, Tulane University, November. 

WORKING PAPER NO. 26 (Newly released)
Beneke, Margarita, Nora Lustig y José Andrés Oliva. 2015. El impacto de los impuestos y el gasto social en la desigualdad y la pobreza en El Salvador. CEQ Working Paper No. 26, Center for Inter-American Policy and Research and Department of Economics, Tulane University and Inter-American Dialogue, March. 

WORKING PAPER NO. 27
Bucheli, Marisa. 2015. Public transfers and poverty reduction: an evaluation of program contribution to the exit rate from poverty of children and the elderly. CEQ Working Paper No. 27, Center for Inter-American Policy and Research and Department of Economics, Tulane University and Inter-American Dialogue, January.

WORKING PAPER NO. 28
Llerena Pinto, Freddy Paul, María Christina Llerena Pinto, Roberto Carlos Saá Daza, and María Andrea Llerena Pinto. 2015. Social Spending, Taxes and Income Redistribution in Ecuador. CEQ Working Paper No. 28, Center for Inter-American Policy and Research and Department of Economics, Tulane University and Inter-American Dialogue, February.

WORKING PAPER NO. 29
Inchauste, Gabriela, Nora Lustig, Mashekwa Maboshe, Catriona Purfield, and Ingrid Woolard. 2015. The Distributional Impact of Fiscal Policy in South Africa. CEQ Working Paper No. 29, Center for Inter-American Policy and Research and Department of Economics, Tulane University and Inter-American Dialogue, February.

WORKING PAPER NO. 30
Lustig, Nora. 2015. The Redistributive Impact of Government Spending on Education and Health: Evidence from Thirteen Developing Countries in the Commitment to Equity Project. CEQ Working Paper No. 30, Center for Inter-American Policy and Research and Department of Economics, Tulane University and Inter-American Dialogue, February.

WORKING PAPER NO. 31
Lustig, Nora. 2015. Inequality and Fiscal Redistribution in Middle Income Countries: Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Indonesia, Mexico, Peru and South Africa. CEQ Working Paper No. 31, Center for Inter-American Policy and Research and Department of Economics, Tulane University and Inter-American Dialogue, July.

WORKING PAPER NO. 32
Lustig, Nora and Rodrigo Aranda. 2015. El impacto de los impuestos y las transferencias en la pobreza y la desigualdad rural-urbana en Bolivia, Brasil, Guatemala, México y Perú. CEQ Working Paper No. 32, Center for Inter-American Policy and Research and Department of Economics, Tulane University and Inter-American Dialogue, September.

WORKING PAPER NO. 33
Higgins, Sean and Nora Lustig. 2015. Can a Poverty-Reducing and Progressive Tax and Transfer System Hurt the Poor? CEQ Working Paper No. 33, Center for Inter-American Policy and Research and Department of Economics, Tulane University and Inter-American Dialogue, April 8.

WORKING PAPER NO. 34
James Alm. 2015. Analyzing and Reforming Tunisia’s Tax System CEQ Working Paper No. 34, Center for Inter-American Policy and Research and Department of Economics, Tulane University and Inter-American Dialogue, May.

WORKING PAPER NO. 35
Younger, Stephen, Eric Osei-Assibey, and Felix Oppong. 2015. Fiscal Incidence in Ghana. CEQ
Working Paper No. 35, Center for Inter-American Policy and Research and Department of Economics, Tulane University, Ithaca College, University of Ghana and the World Bank, December.

WORKING PAPER NO. 36
Younger, Stephen, Flora Myamba, and Kenneth Mdadila. 2016. Fiscal Incidence in Tanzania. CEQ Working Paper No. 36, Center for Inter-American Policy and Research and Department of Economics, Tulane University, Ithaca College and REPOA, January.

WORKING PAPER NO. 37
Lustig, Nora 2016. El impacto del sistema tributuario y el gasto social en la distribución del ingreso y la pobreza en América Latina:Argentina, Bolivia, Brasil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuadro, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, México, Perú Y Uruguay. CEQ Working Paper No. 37, Commitment to Equity Institute, Tulane University.

WORKING PAPER NO. 38
Shimeles, Abebe, Ahmed Moummi, Nizar Jouini and Nora Lustig. 2016. “Fiscal Incidence and Poverty
Reduction: Evidence from Tunisia,”
CEQ Working Paper No. 38, Commitment to Equity Institute, Tulane University.

WORKING PAPER NO. 45
Rossignolo, Dario. 2016 “Taxes, Expenditures, Poverty and Income Distribution in Argentina.” CEQ Working Paper No. 45, Commitment to Equity Institute, Tulane University.

WORKING PAPER NO. 46
Jaime Aristy-Escuder, Maynor Cabrera, Blanca Moreno-Dodson & Miguel Sánchez-Martín 2016 “Fiscal Policy and Redistribution in the Dominican Republic” CEQ Working Paper No. 46, Commitment to Equity Institute, Tulane University.

WORKING PAPER NO. 48
Enami, Ali, Nora Lustig and Alireza Taqdiri. 2016. Fiscal Policy, Inequality and Poverty in Iran: Assessing the Impact and Effectiveness of Taxes and Transfers. CEQ Working Paper No. 48, Commitment to Equity Institute, Tulane University.

WORKING PAPER NO. 53
Jellema, Jon, Nora Lustig, Astrid Haas and Sebastian Wolf. 2016. The Impact of Taxes, Transfers, and Subsidies on Inequality and Poverty in Uganda. CEQ Working Paper No. 53, Commitment to Equity Institute, Tulane University.

WORKING PAPER NO. 55
Younger, Stephen. 2016. The Impact of Reforming Energy Subsidies, Cash Transfers, and Taxes on Inequality and Poverty in Ghana and Tanzania. CEQ Working Paper No. 55, Commitment to Equity Institute, Tulane University.

WORKING PAPER NO. 57
Beneke, Margarita, Nora Lustig, José Andrés Oliva. 2016. The Impact of Taxes, and Social Spending on Inequality and Poverty in El Salvador.  CEQ Working Paper No. 57, Commitment to Equity Institute, Tulane University, November.

WORKING PAPER NO. 58
Enami, Ali. 2016. Measuring the Effectiveness of Taxes and Transfers in Fighting Poverty and Inequality in Iran. CEQ Working Paper No. 58, Commitment to Equity Institute, Tulane University, November.

WORKING PAPER NO. 59
Enami, Ali. 2016. Measuring the Redistributive Impact of Taxes and Transfers in the Presence of Reranking. CEQ Working Paper No. 59, Commitment to Equity Institute, Tulane University, November.

WORKING PAPER NO. 60
Pereira, Claudiney. 2016. Ethno-Racial Poverty and Income Inequality in Brazil. CEQ Working Paper No. 60, Commitment to Equity Institute, Tulane University, November.

WORKING PAPER NO. 62
"Lustig, Nora. 2017. The Impact of the Tax System and Social Expenditure on the Distribution of Income and Poverty in Latin America: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Peru, Dominican Republic, Uruguay, and Venezuela CEQ Working Paper No. 62, Commitment to Equity Institute, Tulane University, February.