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The migration component of the CDI compares rich countries on how easy they make it for people from poor ones to immigrate, get education or find work, send home money, and even return home with new skills and capital.
Europe's Migration Policies
Europe’s top performers on Migration
Large increase during the 1990s in unskilled immigrants from the former Yugoslavia
Free tuition for foreign students and for nationals
Bears large share of the burden of refugees during humanitarian crises
Large number of immigrants from developing countries
Europe’s lowest performers on Migration
Small share of foreign students are from developing countries; and tuition for foreign students is higher than for nationals
Only a small increase during the 1990s in the number of unskilled immigrants from developing countries
Bears small share of the burden of refugees during humanitarian crises
Small share of foreign students are from developing countries
The migration component rewards countries which accept unskilled immigrants from developing countries as well as those which receive refugees during a humanitarian crisis.
Migration policy towards development countries is largely determined by individual member states, rather than the European Union. European performance has gradually drifted down over the years, perhaps reflecting growing political concerns about immigration in some European countries, but a few small European countries still maintain a strong standing at the top of the ranking.