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Drug Resistance Working Group (November 2007 – June 2010)
The Drug Resistance Working Group is focusing on the potential for solutions effected collectively or individually by organizations that operate at the global level. The Group draws on the strength of its diverse composition to extend the problem-solving conversation around drug resistance into and among communities that all have an interest, but rarely have the opportunity to forge joint solutions. In doing so, members stimulate each other’s active commitment to address the problem, possibly through changes in funding, policies and program implementation.
The main product of the Working Group will be a policy report identifying practical and feasible actions (anticipated in Spring 2010). The report will include recommendations for the global donor community, outlining the responsibilities different actors should bear, while pointing out opportunities and needs at the local, national, and intra-institutional levels. The findings will be disseminated to decision-makers in key development and funding organizations, as well as key private sector interests, through targeted briefings, events, and outreach.
Membership & Composition
The Drug Resistance Working Group is chaired by Rachel Nugent of the Center for Global Development under the auspices of CGD's Global Health Policy Research Network. Support is provided by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. Members of the Working Group were invited to join in a personal capacity and on a voluntary basis, and include experts from the pharmaceutical industry, public health sectors in developing and developed countries, technical and funding agencies, product development partnerships, advocacy organizations and academia.
Rachel Nugent, Center for Global Development
Emma Back, independent consultant
Ted Bianco, Wellcome Trust
Nancy Blum, independent consultant
Joanne Carter, RESULTS Educational Fund
Gail Cassell, Eli Lilly and Company
John Chalker, Management Sciences for Health
Alexander Dodoo, University of Ghana Medical School
Dai Ellis, Clinton Foundation HIV/AIDS Initiative
Susan Foster, Alliance for the Prudent Use of Antibiotics
Fred Goldberg, Saltchuk Resources Inc.
Martha Gyansa-Lutterodt, Ghana National Drugs Programme
Jerry Keusch, Boston University School of Public Health
Ruth Levine, Center for Global Development
Paul Nunn, World Health Organization/Stop TB
Iruka Okeke, Haverford College
Kevin Outterson, Boston University School of Law
Mead Over, Center for Global Development
Eddie Power, Schering-Plough
Andrew Ramsay, World Health Organization/Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases
Renee Ridzon, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
David Roos, University of Pennsylvania
Harvey Rubin, University of Pennsylvania
Carol Sibley, University of Washington
Suniti Solomon, Y.R. Gaitonde Center for AIDS Research & Education
Walter Straus, Merck Vaccines and Infectious Diseases
Thelma Tupasi, Tropical Disease Foundation
Saul Walker, UK Department for International Development
Nicholas White, Mahidol University
Prashant Yadav, MIT-Zaragoza International Logistics Program
Are your wages determined by what you know, or where you are? This paper estimates how the wages of workers in 42 developing countries would change if the same people could work in the United States. It uses a rich new database on over two million workers around the world. A worker from the median country would earn about 2.7 times as much in the US as at home. This means that (1) for many countries, the wage gaps caused by barriers to movement across international borders are among the largest known forms of wage discrimination; (2) these gaps represent one of the largest remaining price distortions in any global market; and (3) simply allowing labor mobility can reduce a given household’s poverty to a much greater degree than most known antipoverty interventions inside developing countries.