Ideas to Action:

Independent research for global prosperity


Views from the Center


This report by Nancy Birdsall, Adeel Malik and Milan Vaishnav was prepared for the World Bank's Operations Evaluation Department. The report focuses on the role of the World Bank in support of poverty reduction during the period beginning in 1990 and concluding in 2003. It reviews and discusses the Bank's analytic work and its efforts to bring change through policy dialogue and lending programs. Appendices on Bank activities in support of education, gender, health, poverty reduction, and the multi-year Social Action Programs provide detailed summaries of the situation in Pakistan in these areas and of Bank inputs in the 1990s and the first few years of this decade.

Download the full report (pdf, 648 KB)

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CGD blog posts reflect the views of the authors, drawing on prior research and experience in their areas of expertise. CGD is a nonpartisan, independent organization and does not take institutional positions.