A Symposium on Girin Beeharry’s Manifesto for Global Education

Earlier this year, Girin Beeharry stepped down as the inaugural director of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation’s global education program. But he’s not going quietly. His recent essay, “The Pathway to Progress on SDG 4,” is essentially a manifesto for international actors in the education sector. In it, Girin diagnoses deep failures in the sector he’s helped shape in recent years, and lays out his vision for what needs to change to get back on track toward the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goal of quality education for all (SDG4).

Here, the sector responds. We’re delighted that 20 education leaders, researchers, and practitioners have contributed their reflections on, challenges to, and support for Girin’s essay. And Girin has contributed a postscript to his essay, where he responds to some of the challenges and alternative proposals. There’s a lot to digest, so here we offer a brief reading guide:

Several contributors are firmly on Team Girin, and some talked about specific ways to act out his agenda

In particular countries:

And among international actors:

Others noted that weak monitoring data and the wrong kind of accountability are limiting progress

A common challenge to Girin’s manifesto is the problem of top-down priority setting by the global education community

Although those writers are still very much in support of the foundational literacy agenda:

In fairness, Girin doesn’t ask that foundational literacy is forced on countries. And his postscript acknowledges many of these challenges, suggesting a reframe to his essay that starts with what needs to happen at the classroom level to improve literacy and numeracy, continuing to whether domestic actors are poised to take the actions needed to enable these changes, and then what the global community needs to do to support them.

Here at CGD, we pushed back on whether test scores can trump other goals around access, safety, and equity

But, even if you believe learning should be the priority, perhaps it takes all of SDG4 to help kids learn

Woven through every single essay in this collection are two common threads: a deep respect for the impact Girin has had on the sector, and a sense of obligation to answer the challenge he has laid down. You may wholeheartedly agree with his manifesto or you may challenge parts of it. Either way, it is hard not to admire his impatience with the current pace of progress.


CGD blog posts reflect the views of the authors, drawing on prior research and experience in their areas of expertise. CGD is a nonpartisan, independent organization and does not take institutional positions.